Almost no movement -> immobile joints. components are united by fibrous tissue. three kinds: sutures,syndesmoses, & gomphoses
major form of fibrous joints in the skull.Thin layer of dense irregular connective tissue unites adjacent bones derived mostly from intramembranous ossification process. type of fibrous joint.
held together by collagenous fibers of sheets of fibrous tissue (interosseous ligaments). ligaments can be very short -> minimal movement, or long -> some movement. type of fibrous joint.
occur between teeth and supporting bones of the jaws. type of fibrous joint.
allow limited movement in response to twisting or compression. fibrocartilage or hyaline cartilage. 2 types: synchondrosis & symphysis
hyaline cartilage joint/primary cartilaginous joint. temporary - cartilage interface soon converted to bone before animal matures. type of cartilaginous joint
fibrocartilaginous joint/secondary cartilaginous joint/amphiarthrosis. bones united by fibro-cartilage. type of cartilaginous joint
most numerous, most important. presence of joint cavity, a synovial membrane encapsulating the joint, & great degree of movement
thin layer of hyaline cartilage coating bony surfaces in contact with each other in synovial joints.
labra articulara. usually fibrocartilaginous and form congruent articular surfaces that are stable. absorb concussion.
a synovial membrane that surrounds synovial joint. made of inner synovial membrane and outer fibrous layer.
joints with free movement
slightly moveable joints
joints with no or very little movement
movement of body structure away from median plane
movement of body structure towards median plane
rotation of limbs so that the palmar/plantar surface of the limb faces medially
limb is rotated so the palmar/plantar surface of the limb faces laterally
contains tendon of Biceps brachii
site of attachment for triceps muscles
middle carpal joint
formed between the radial and ulnar carpal bones and carpal bones 1, 11, 111, and IV
formed between carpal bones 1, 11, 111, and IV and the base of metacarpal bones 1, II, III, IV, and V
attach the limb to the trunk/body
on/within the limb itself