American Civ Chapter 1
|What was the Treaty of Tordesillas?||Drew a line on the map of the world. Spain got the West, Portugal got the East.|
|What was Amerigo Vespucci?||Florentine merchant, Americas was named after him|
|What did Cortes do? Pizarro? Why were they important?|| conquered the Aztecs and Montezuma. Eventually succeeded|
Pizarro attacked the Incas in Peru and eventually succeeded. They found gold and Silver.
|What was the major cause of death among the Indians as a result of European Expansion?||Disease. Small Pox and Measles. Thought it was God's way of providing Land|
|What nation challenged the Spanish for control of North America?|| French were first to attempt. Verrazano was the French Explorer. Cartier found St. Lawrence River|
French Hugenots were french Protestants
|How did the French avoid conflict with the Indians?||traded with them- fur, didn't take their land, married Indian women and lived in their tribes.|
|English settlement in North America was delayed until the late 16th century. What changes had occurred in England by then? (And also in the Netherlands?)||Protestant Reformation. King Henry angered.|
|Who were the Calvinists and what did they want?||To purify the church of England. Followers of John Calvin. Believed in pre-destination.|
|Who was the first English ruler to support voyages of exploration on a large scale?||Queen Elizabeth|
|What did Sir Francis Drake accomplish?||sailed all the way around the world|
|What happened in 1588? Significance?||Spanish Armada attacked an Enlglish Fleet. English fleet out maneuvered the Spanish with help of a storm; change of power- spanish decline. English on the way to become world power|
|Who was Martin Frobisher? Sir Humphrey Gilbert?||English seaman that made 3 voyages to New world.|
|Who was Sir Walter Raleigh? What happened to his attempt to establish a colony at Roanoke Island?||Established a colony on Roanoke Island and it disappeared; received a 6 year grant from Queen Elizabeth. He was Pioneer of English Colonization.|
|How would changes in England be important for future colonization?|| Capital accumlated|
-puritans prosecuted.- Elizabeth died and her cousin James I takes over.
-Enclosure movement- estate owners driving out all small farmers.