successfully used a steam engine to drill for oil. now removing oil from the earth became practical.
cheap and efficient process for making steel, developed around 1850
Thomas Alva Edison
a new inventor during the industrial age, who invented things such as the light bulb.
invented the typewriter
Alexander Gram Bell
invented the telephone
a railroad line linking the Atlantic and Pacific coasts of the United States, completed in 1869
George M Pullman
Built manufacturing sleepers and other railroad cars on the prairie miles from the center of Chicago.
a construction company formed in 1868 by owners of the Union Pacific Railroad, who used it to gain money for themselves
Munn v. Illinois
a court case that allowed the state to regulate the railroads to benefit the consumer and the farmers.
Interstate Commerce Act
a law that says the government has the right to supervise the railroad activities and created a group to do just that.
one of the first Americans to make a huge fortune on his own
when a company takes over its competition and suppliers to gain total control of the cost of their product
the merging of companies that make similar products
a way of thinking that if the government would just leave companies alone the strongest an best would survive
complete control over an industry, achieved by buying up all the competition
a corporation formed to buy up the stocks of other companies and thus create a monopoly
John D. Rockefeller
An owner of many huge oil companies who formed trusts and schemed to make money
a method of making competing companies all one company.
Sherman Antitrust Act
a law intended to prevent the creation of monopolies by making it illegal to establish trusts that prevent free trade
a leader in creating labor unions
American Federation of Labor
an alliance of trade and craft unions.
negotiations between the representatives of workers and employers to reach agreement on wages, benefits, hours, and working conditions
Eugene v. Debs
made the first major attempt to form an industrial union
an economic and political system based on government ownership of business and property and on equal distribution of money
Industrial Workers of the World
a labor organization for unskilled workers, formed by a group od radical unionist and socialist.
a person who works while others are on strike
Mary Harris "Mother" Jones
One of the lead organizers in the woman's labor movement.