Ad Hominem Argument
From the Latin meaning "to or against the man," this is an argument that appeals to emotion rather than reason; mud-sliming; attacking the man rather than the issue.
The device of using character and/or story elements
The multiple meanings, either intentional or unintentional, of a word, phrase, sentence, pr passage.
A comparison between two different things. An analogy can explain something unfamiliar by associating it with something more familiar.
The repetition of words in successive clauses in reverse grammatical order. The difference between antimetabole and chiasmus reverses grammatical order but not the same words. EX: "As not what your country can do for you but what you can do for your country."
Juxtaposition of contrasting ideas in balanced phrases. EX: "WE shall support any friend, oppose any foe."
A terse statement of known authorship which expresses a general truth or a moral principle.
Breaking off discourse to address some absent, person, or thing, some abstract quality, or a nonexistent character.
Omission of conjunctions between words, phrases, or clauses. It tends to speed up the flow of the sentence. " government of the people for the people, by the people.
A verbal pattern in which the second part is balanced against the first but with the parts reversed. EX "An appeal to Congress for Impartial Suffrage" "If black men have no rights in the eyes of the white men, of course the whites can have none in the eyes of the blacks"
A grammatical unit that contains both a subject and a verb.
Or with an ism at the end of it. Is an expression used in informal conversation but not accepted universally in formal speech or writing. These expressions include local or regional dialects.
A fanciful expression, usually in the form of an extended metaphor or surprising analogy between seemingly dissimilar objects. EX "in love poems, poets may compare their love to some object, such as a rose, a ship, a garden"
Where a speaker/writer agrees that a point given by the opposition may, in fact, be true.
The non-literal meaning of the word. may involve ideas, emotion, or attitudes.
An anticipation of the opposing sides views and an argument where the validity of all or part of the argument is accurate or true.
Dissuasive advice given with authority. Language that urges or calls to action. "" Let both sides seek to invoke the wonders of science"
Refers to the speaker/writer's word choices, especially with regard to their correctness, clearness, or effectiveness.
This type of work has the primary aim of teaching or instructing, especially the teaching of moral or ethical principles.
Omission of one ore more words, which must be supplied by the listener or reader. EX" Sharon was the first born; Phil the second"
An informally stated syllogism with an implied premise. EX " Children should not be seen and not heard. be quiet, John."
Any witty ingenious or pointed saying tersely expressed. Ex: " I can resist everything except temptation"
A metaphor developed at great length over several lines.
An Adjective used to point out a characteristic of a person or thing, and may be complimentary or not. EX "heartfelt thanks, blood-red sky, stone-cold heart"
Persuasive appeal to character used by speakers and writers to demonstrate that they are credible and trustworthy.