The branch of biological science that studies how body parts work or function.
The study of the shape and structure of body parts
The tendency of the body's systems to maintain a relatively constant or balanced internal environment
The term that indicates all chemical reactions occurring in the body
Rids the body of nitrogen-containing wastes
Is affected by the removal of the thyroid gland
Provides support and levers on which the muscular system can act
Includes the heart
Protects underlying organs from drying out and mechanical damage
Protects the body; destroys bacteria and tumor cells
Breaks down foodstuffs into small particles that can be absorbed
Removes carbon dioxide from the blood
Delivers oxygen and nutrients to the body tissues
Moves the limbs; allows facial expression
Conserves body water or eliminates excesses
Provides for conception and childbearing
Controls the body w/ chemicals called hormones
Is damaged when you cut your finger or get a severe sunburn
Blood vessels, heart
Pancreas, pituitary, adrenal glands
Kidneys, bladder, ureters
Testis, vas deferens, urethra
Esophagus, large intestine, rectum
Breastbone, vertebral column, skull
Brain, Nerves, sensory receptors
Maintenance Of Boundaries
Keep's the body's internal environment distinct from the external environment
Provides new cells for growth and repair
Occurs when constructive activities occur at a faster rate than destructive activities
The tuna sandwich you have jst eaten is broken down to it's chemical building blocks
Elimination of carbon dioxide by the lungs and elimination of nitrogenous wastes by the kidneys
Ability to react to stimuli; a major role of the nervous system
Walking, throwing a ball, riding a bicycle
All chemical reactions occurring in the body
Maintenance of Boundaries
At the cellular level, membranes; for the whole organism, the skin
Belly button area
Anterior aspect of elbow
Posterior aspect of head
Area where trunk meets thigh
Back area from ribs to hips
Pertaining to the cheek
Pelvic & Ventral
Removal of the uterus, or womb
Thoracic & Ventral
Coronary bypass surgery (Heart surgery)
Dorsal & Cranial
Removal of a serious brain tumor
Ventral & Pelvic
Removal of a "hot" appendix
Abdominal & Ventral
A stomach ulcer operation
In the anatomical position, the face and palms are on the ______ body surface
The buttocks and shoulder blades are on the _____ body surface.
The top of the head is the most ______ part of the body.
The ears are ____ to the shoulders and ______ to the nose.
Superior , Lateral
The heart is ____ to the spine and ____ to the lungs.
The elbow is _____ to the fingers but ______ to the shoulder.
Proximal , Distal
In humans, the dorsal surface can also be called the ________ surface.
In 4 legged animals, the dorsal surface is the _______ surface.
If an incision cuts the heart into right and left parts, the section is a _____ section.
If the heart is cut so that the anterior and posterior parts result, the section is a _____ section.
You are told to cut an animal along the two planes so that the paired kidneys are observable in both sections. The two sections that meet this requirement are the _______ and ______ sections.
Frontal , Transverse.
Level Of Structural Organization
Atoms ---> Chemicals ---> Molecules ---> Cells ---> Tissue ---> Organs ---> Organ Systems ---> Organism
The wrist is ______ to the hand.
The breastbone is ______ to the spine.
The brain is _______ to the spinal cord.
The lungs are _______ to the stomach.
The ears are _____ to the nose.
The heart is _______ to the arm.
The forehead is ______ to the nose.
Anterior + Posterior
Front + Back
Superior + Inferior
Higher + Lower
Distal = Proximal
Far + Close
(applies to arms and legs)
Medial + Lateral
Middle + Far From Middle
is the plane that separates the anterior & posterior sides.
is the plane that separates the superior and inferior sections of the body.
Sagittal/Mid - Sagittal
is the plane that separates the left side from the right side.
Not deep. Surface area.
The knee is ______ to the hip.
The forehead is _________ to the nose.
The side of the leg
The bony eye socket
The anterior knee (kneecap) region
The region of the breastbone
The navel (belly button)
The buttocks or rump
The area of the back between the ribs and hips; the loin
The posterior aspect of the head or base of the skull
The back of the knee
The area between the hips
The scapula or shoulder blade area
The calf or posterior surface of the leg
The area of the spinal column
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