language describing ideas and qualities rather than observable or specific things, people, or places. The observable or "physical" is usually described in ...
Language that describes specific, observable things, people, or places, rather than ideas or qualities.
symbolism; one thing is used as a substitute for another with which it is closely identified (the White House), substituting the name of an attribute or feature for the name of the thing itself (as in 'they counted heads')
A figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole (as hand for sailor), the whole for a part (as the law for police officer), the specific for the general (as cutthroat for assassin), the general for the specific (as thief for pickpocket), or the material for the thing made from it (as steel for sword).
a three-part deductive argument in which a conclusion is based on a major premise and a minor premise ("All men are mortal; Socrates is a man; therefore, Socrates is mortal.")
a statement that is formulated as a question but that is not supposed to be answered noun Ex. "he liked to make his points with rhetorical questions" A question asked for an effect, not actually requiring an answer
a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor
A characteristic of a literary genre (often unrealistic) that is understood and accepted by audiences because it has come, through usage and time, to be recognized as a familiar technique
involves repeating a word or expression while adding more details to it, in order to emphasize what might otherwise be passed over addition of extra material or illustration or clarifying detail
deriving general principles from particular facts or instances ("Every cat I have ever seen has four legs; cats are four-legged animals"
reasoning in which a conclusion is reached by stating a general principle and then applying that principle to a specific case (The sun rises every morning; therefore, the sun will rise on Tuesday morning.)
a misconception resulting from incorrect reasoning
The use of phrases, clauses, or sentences that are similar or complementary in structure or in meaning
repetition of a word or phrase as the beginning of successive clauses
a reference to another work of literature, person, or event
A figure of speech in which one directly addresses an absent or imaginary person, or some abstraction
a figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity
The device of using character and/or story elements symbolically to represent an abstraction in addition to the literal meaning.
the formation of a word, as cuckoo or boom, by imitation of a sound made by or associated with its referent.
the act of attributing human characteristics to abstract ideas etc.
the opposite of exaggeration. It is a technique for developing irony and/or humor where one writes or says less than intended.
a situation in which all parts of the presentation are equal, whether in sentences or paragraphs or sections of a longer work.
The . is the result of the crisis. It is the high point of the story for the reader. Frequently, it is the moment of the highest interest and greatest emotion. The point at which the outcome of the conflict can be predicted.
arrangement of clauses in ascending order of forcefulness
between the lines, assumptions of the writer that make you take that stance empitis, reason for biases. help to support a claim and to substantiate in the audience's mind the link between the claim and the evidence
a syllogism with an premise implied rather than directly stated. the missing part-assumption of the speaker is supplied by the listener. example: we need to stop for gas on the way to the movies. assumption-we are almost out of gas
a statement in which two opposing ideas are balanced