Anatomy

13 terms by jonmramos 

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Anatomy

Study of the structure and shape of the body and body parts and their relationship to one another

Physiology

s the study of how the body and its parts work or function.

Integumentary System

Waterproofs the body, cushions and protects deeper tissue from injury, Helps regulate body temperature
Skin

Skeletal

Supports and provides framework of the body
Hematopoiesis- formation of red blood cells.○ Protects vital organs

Muscular

Muscles contract or shorten
Generates heat

Nervous

Body's fast acting control system
Consists of the brain, spinal cord, and sensory receptor

Endocrine

Controls body (slower than Nervous)
Produces chemical molecules known as hormones

Cardiovascular

Carries oxygen, nutrients, hormones, cells, waste, throughout the body

Lymphatic

Transports digested fat from the intestine to the bloodstream
Removes and destroys toxic substances
Resists the spread of disease throughout the body

Respiratory

Keeps the body constantly supplied with oxygen and removes carbon dioxide

Digestive

Role is to breakdown food and deliver the products to the blood for dispersal to the body cells

Urinary

Removes the nitrogen-containing wastes from the blood and flushes them from the body in urine
Also maintains the body's salt and water balance and regulates the acid-base balance of the blood

Reproductive

Produce offspring

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