An advanced state of human society, in which a high level of culture, science, industry, and government has been reached.
The period encompasses the first widespread use of technology as humans progressed from simpler to more complex developmental stages. Approximately 150,000 BCE to 9,000 BCE. This period also saw the spread of humanity from East Africa to the rest of the world.
Latest part of the Stone Age beginning about 9,000 BCE in the Middle East and going til 3,000 BCE. Considered the later period of development in human technology.
Any object made by human beings with a view to subsequent use. A substance or structure not naturally present in the matter being observed but formed by artificial means
The determination of the age of objects of origin by measurement of the radioactivity of their carbon content.
The study of historic or prehistoric peoples and their cultures by analysis of their artifacts, inscriptions, monuments, and other such remains.
The study of living humans, their origins, physical characteristics, institutions, religious beliefs, and social relationships.
Human history in the period before recorded events, known mainly through archaeological discoveries, study, and research.
To move from one place to another, rather than settling permanently in one location. Often times associated with communities.
Primitive, unenlightened, reactionary, culturally or intellectually backward.
The first agricultural revolution, transition from hunting and gathering communities and bands, to agriculture and settlement.
Otzi the "ICEMAN"
Natural mummy of a man discovered in the Otz valley. He lived approximately 5300 years ago and provides insight to the Europeans of the Copper Age.
A fruitful crescent-shaped region stretching from just south of modern-day Jerusalem then northward along the Mediterranean coast to present-day Syria and eastward through present-day Iraq then southward along the Tigris and Euphrates rivers to the Persian Gulf.
Discerning the significance of how and why historical change occurs.
The process by which a cultural trait, material object, idea, or behavior pattern is spread from one society to another.