Biology Characteristics of Life/Microscope

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9th grade Biology Honors Mr. Seally

growth

increase in size

development

the process of an individual organism growing organically

homeostasis

the ability of a living thing to keep conditions inside its body constant

respiration

the process by which cells break down simple food molecules to release the energy they contain

regulation

the response of an organism to a changing environment in order to maintain homeostasis.

reproduction

the production of offspring

nutrition

obtained from food and used by our bodies for growth and maintaining good health

excretion

the bodily process of discharging waste matter

transport

to carry or move from one place to another

circulation

the movement of substances within the body

synthesis

a chemical reaction in which two or more simple substances combine to form a new, more complex substance

metabolism

set of chemical reactions through which an organism builds up or breaks down materials

organic

being or relating to or derived from or having properties characteristic of living organisms

inorganic

lacking the properties characteristic of living organisms

cells

the basic unit of all living things

death

the permanent end of all life functions in an organism or part of an organism

magnification

the ability to make things look larger than they are

resolution

the ability to clearly distinguish the individual parts of an object

micrometer

millionth of a meter

millimeter

one thousandth of a meter

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