an emotionally violent, verbal denunciation or attack using strong, abusive language.
when reality is different from appearance; the implied meaning of a statement is the opposite of its literal or obvious meaning
verbal ironythe words literally state the opposite of the writers meaning
situational irony- when events turn out the opposite of what was expected
dramatic irony when facts or events are unkown to a character in a play or piece of fiction but known to the reader or other characters in the work
a form of understatement in which a statement is affirmed by negating its opposite
losses sentance/ non-periodic sentence
main idea comes first followed by dependant grammatical units such as phrases or clause. a work containing many loose sentences seem conversational
a figure of speech in which a term or phrase is applied to something to which it is not literally applicable in order to suggest a resemblance
A figure of speech in which something is referred to by using the name of something that is associated with it
a prevailing emotional tone or general attitude
The telling of a story or an account of an event or series of events.
the use of a word or phrase that imitates or suggests the sound of what it describes
a figure of speech consisting of two apparently contradictory terms
a statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth.
phrases or sentences of a similar construction/meaning placed side by side, balancing each other
the repetition of words or phrases at the beginning of consecutive lines or sentences
a work which imitates another in a ridiculous manner
An adjective that describes words, phrases, or general tone that is overly scholarly, academic, or bookish.
A sentence that presents its central meaning in a main clause at the end. The independent clause is preceded by a phrase or clause that cannot stand alone. The effect is to add emphasis and structural variety.
the act of attributing human characteristics to abstract ideas etc.
point of view
the perspective from which a story is told
first person narrative-i
third person omniscent- narrator god like
third person limited omniscientpresents felling and thouts of one only actions of the remaining characters
One of the major divisions of genre, ___ refers to fiction and nonfiction, including all its forms, because they are written in ordinary language and most closely resemble everyday speech.
The duplication, either exact or approximate, or any element of language, such as sound, word, phrase, clause, sentence, or grammatical pattern.
from the Greek for "orator," this term describes the principle governing the art of writing effectively, eloquently, and persuasively.
The flexible term describes the variety, the conventions, and the purposes of the major kinds of writing.
exposition explain and analyze info by presenting an idea
argumentation- prove validity of an idea by presenting sound reasoning
description- recreat an event so the reader can picture what is being described
narration-to narrate a series of events