Veterinary Nursing: Perianal Terminology, Examination and Care. Urine and Fecal Sample Collection

21 terms by beckylou89 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Dyschezia

Difficulty Deficating

Hematochezia

Blood in the stool

Tenesmus

Straining to Defecate, associated with dyschezia. Often painful

Diarrhea

Loose Stool. Wide variety of causes, including; diet, parasites, bacteria, viruses, metabolic disease, etc. Treatment depends on cause.

Rectal Prolapse

Exteriorization of the Rectum. May become severely inflamed, necessitating that the fluid be drawn out of the tissue before it can be replaced in the animal.

Constipation

Dry hard stool that is often hard to pass. Dyschezia may be present.

Obstipation

Obstruction of the small intestine or colon, which makes it impossible for the animal to pass stool.

Enemas

Commercial enema solutions usually come in a tube with a nozzle, homemade solutions consisting of mild soap and water may be made in clinic.

Anal Sacs

Paired pouches located at the 4 o'clock and 8 o'clock positions beneath the skin and muscle ventro lateral to the anus.

Anal Glands

Secretory tissue in the lining of the anal sacs. Secrete oily, yellowish to pale brown foul-smelling fluid that is stored in the anal sacs.

Impacted Anal Sacs

Anal sacs packed with secretions

Inspissation

Rendering a fluid dry or thick by evaporation or absorpion.

External Expression Of Anal Sacs

Pressure is placed upon the sacs from the outside while a piece of gauze or paper towel is held over the duct openings to catch the secretions.

Internal Expression of Anal Sacs

The gloved, lubricated index finger is placed just inside the rectum to place pressure on each sac from the inside while the thumb is used to place pressure on the sac from the outside.

Anal Sacculitis

Inflammation/infection of the anal sacs.

Anal Gland Abcess

Sequestered pus.

Perianal Fistula

Draining tract through the skin from anal gland abcess.

Anal Sacculectomy

Surgical removal of anal sacs; remove both.

Anal Neoplasia

Primarily in dogs. Most common type is perianal adenoma (intact males are most predisposed). May be confused with perianal fistuals but this tends to also involve the growth of masses or nodules.

Free Catch

Catch urine in a receptical as it is being voided, avoid beginning and end of stream.

Cystocentesis

Insert a needle through abdominal wall into the bladder and withdraw urine into a syringe.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set