1) The Squishy Things Toy Company was established in 1948. It recently signed a large contract with a chain of retail toy stores. As a condition of the contract, the Squishy will be required to track and forecast product sales by linking in to the chain's sales database. Squishy will then be responsible for shipping products to the chain's regional warehouses as needed. The relationship between Squishy and the chain is an example of
A) vendor-managed inventory.
B) sales force automation.
C) electronic data interchange.
D) optical character recognition.
2) Requiring all packing slips be reconciled to purchase orders before accepting a delivery of inventory would be most likely to prevent which of the following situations?
A) A supplier delivers more inventory than ordered at the end of the year and sends an invoice for the total quantity delivered.
B) An employee mails a fake invoice to the company, which is then paid.
C) The inventory records are incorrectly updated when a receiving department employee enters the wrong product number on the receiving report.
D) Receiving department employees steal inventory and then claim the inventory was received and delivered to the warehouse.
3) Comparing quantities on a vendor invoice to quantities on the receiving report would not prevent or detect which of the following situations?
A) Receiving and accepting inventory not ordered
B) Theft of inventory by receiving department employees
C) Update of wrong inventory items due to data entry error
D) Order for an excessive quantity of inventory
6) To accomplish the objectives set forth in the expenditure cycle, a number of key management decisions must be addressed. Which of the decisions below is not ordinarily found as part of the expenditure cycle?
A) How can cash payments to vendors be managed to maximize cash flow?
B) What is the optimal level of inventory and supplies to carry on hand?
C) Where should inventories and supplies be held?
D) What are the optimal prices for each product or service?
7) One of the basic activities in the expenditure cycle is the receiving and storage of goods, supplies, and services. What is the counterpart of this activity in the revenue cycle?
A) sales order entry process
B) shipping function
C) cash collection activity
D) cash payments activity
8) The traditional approach to inventory management to ensure sufficient quantity on hand to maintain production is known as
A) safety stock.
B) just-in-time production.
C) economic order quantity.
D) optimal inventory quantity.
9) Economic Order Quantity (EOQ) includes several variables that must be taken into consideration when calculating the optimal order size. One variable, the costs associated with holding inventory, is referred to as
A) ordering costs.
B) carrying costs.
C) the reorder point.
D) stockout costs.
10) The need to place an order for inventory is specified by the
A) company inventory policies.
B) economic order quantity.
C) stockout point.
D) reorder point.
11) When goods are being ordered from a vendor, which electronic files are either read or updated?
A) inventory, vendors, and accounts payable
B) vendors and accounts payable
C) open purchase orders and accounts payable
D) inventory, vendors, and open purchase orders
12) What is a key feature of materials requirements planning (MRP)?
A) minimize or entirely eliminate carrying and stockout costs
B) reduce required inventory levels by scheduling production rather than estimating needs
C) determine the optimal reorder point
D) determine the optimal order size
13) Materials requirements planning (MRP)
A) reduces the uncertainty about when materials are needed, thereby reducing the need to carry large levels of inventory.
B) is able to compute exactly the cost of purchasing by taking into account all costs associated with inventory carrying.
C) requires vendors to deliver inventory to the production site exactly when needed and in the correct quantities.
D) None of the above are correct.
14) The inventory management approach that attempts to minimize, if not eliminate, carrying and stockout costs is
A) materials requirements planning.
B) economic order quantity.
C) just-in-time inventory.
D) evaluated receipt settlement.
15) What aspect below best characterizes a Just-In-Time (JIT) inventory system?
A) frequent deliveries of smaller quantities of items to the work centers
B) frequent deliveries of large quantities to be held at the work centers
C) less frequent deliveries of large quantities of goods to central receiving
D) infrequent bulk deliveries of items directly to work centers
16) What is the key difference between the MRP and JIT inventory management approaches?
A) Only JIT reduces costs and improves efficiency.
B) MRP is especially useful for products such as fashion apparel.
C) JIT is more effectively used with products that have predictable patterns of demand.
D) MRP schedules production to meet estimated sales needs; JIT schedules production to meet customer demands.
17) MRP will be a preferred method over JIT when the
A) demand for inventory is fairly predictable.
B) demand for inventory is mostly unpredictable.
C) product has a short life cycle.
D) MRP is always a preferred method over JIT.