A system where one country extends its control over another area, especially for economic ($$$) benefit.
an economic theory that believe the colonies should benefit the mother country
New England Colonies
Massachusetts New Hampshire Connecticut and Rhode Island. They had a short growing season long and cold winters, rocky soil and Forests and economy was based on trading shipping and ship building
New York New Jersey and Pennsylvainia. had fertile soil moderate winters warm summers and a good growing season and economy was based on farming, mineing jobs, cash crops, grain manufacturing and trade
Virginia Maryland North and South Carolina and Georgia. Fertile Soilwarm summers tide water region had land along the coast of riversand fertile soil. Back country had inland; hilly and forests. Economy was based on tobacco in the Tide Water region were rich and hunting trapping substinence farming cattle and pigs and they were poor
crops, such as tobacco, sugar, and cotton, raised in large quantities in order to be sold for profit
a legal document giving certain rights to a person or company
representing or appealing to or adapted for the benefit of the people at large
1620 - The first agreement for self-government in America. It was signed by the 41 men on the Mayflower and set up a government for the Plymouth colony.
First permanent English settlement in North America
This document, signed by King John of Endland in 1215, is the cornerstone of English justice and law. It declared that the king and government were bound by the same laws as other citizens of England. It contained the antecedents of the ideas of due process and the right to a fair and speedy trial that are included in the protection offered by the U.S. Bill of Rights
the lawmaking body of British government
English Bill of Rights
To make clear the powers of England's monarchy in 1689, the English Parliament drafted a list of things that they could not do like no taxing without permission from Parliament.
The business of capturing, transporting, and selling people as slaves
House of Burgesses
the first elected legislative assembly in the New World established in the Colony of Virginia in 1619, representative colony set up by England to make laws and levy taxes but England could veto its legistlative acts. *** did they have visual representation in Parliment?
American public official, writer, scientist, and printer. After the success of his Poor Richard's Almanac (1732-1757), he entered politics and played a major part in the American Revolution. Franklin negotiated French support for the colonists, signed the Treaty of Paris (1783), and helped draft the Constitution (1787-1789). His numerous scientific and practical innovations include the lightning rod, bifocal spectacles, and a stove.
Albany Plan of Union
plan proposed by Benjamin Franklin in 1754 that aimed to unite the 13 colonies for trade, military, and other purposes; the plan was turned down by the colonies and the Crown
Freedom of Religion
a civil right guaranteed by the 1st amendment to the US constitution
Freedom of Press
The right to publish newspapers, magazines, and books found in the 1st Amendment to the U.S. Constitution
Religious revival in the American colonies of the eighteenth century during which a number of new Protestant churches were established.
1743, John Peter Zenger, a New York printer was thrown in jail for publishing "seditious libels", a rebellious statement toward the governor of New York. At the trial, the judge and jury found Zenger not guilty, because free people have a right to speak against the abuse of power. The Zenger trial helped promote the idea of freedom of press.
civilians trained as soldiers but not part of the regular army
French and Indian War
Was a war fought by French and English on American soil over control of the Ohio River Valley-- English defeated French in 1763. Historical Significance: established England as number one world power and began to gradually change attitudes of the colonists toward England for the worse.
Proclamation of 1763
A proclamation from the British government which forbade British colonists from settling west of the Appalacian Mountains, and which required any settlers already living west of the mountains to move back east.
a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.)
(1764) British deeply in debt partly from French & Indian War. English Parliament placed a tariff/tax on sugar, coffee, wines, and molasses. colonists avoided the tax by smuggling and by bribing tax collectors.
an act passed by the British parliment in 1756 that raised revenue from the American colonies by a duty in the form of a stamp required on all newspapers and legal or commercial documents
Courts that were held in America for the colonists. The judges would be paid based on if they found the victim guilty or not.
Sons of Liberty
A radical political organization for colonial independence which formed in 1765 after the passage of the Stamp Act. They incited riots and burned the customs houses where the stamped British paper was kept. After the repeal of the Stamp Act, many of the local chapters formed the Committees of Correspondence which continued to promote opposition to British policies towards the colonies. The Sons of Liberty's leaders included Samuel Adams and Paul Revere.
Stamp Act Congress
group of colonists who protested the Stamp Act, saying that Parliament couldn't tax without colonist' consent
American colonists who remained loyal to Britain and opposed the war for independence
Colonists who wanted independence from Britain
Colonists who would not become involved in the problems between England in the colonies - not politically extreme in any way
Act passed in 1766 just after the repeal of the Stamp Act. Stated that Parliament could legislate for the colonies in all cases.
an act passed by the British that allowed British troops to live in the homes of the colonists
refuse to buy
1765, Virginia legislatures openly defies, opposes the Stamp Acts. Therefore a growing public anger over the Stamp Act, begins. As a result other colonial legislatures pass similar resolutions.
The act that put taxes on glass, lead, paints, paper, and tea. Passed in 1767
American Revolutionary leader and patriot
The first bloodshed of the American Revolution, as British guards at the Boston Customs House opened fire on a crowd killing five americans
Killed in Boston Massacre, black laborer, only African-American person killed in Boston Massacre
American silversmith remembered for his midnight ride (celebrated in a poem by Longfellow) to warn the colonists in Lexington and Concord that British troops were coming (1735-1818)
America's first Vice-President and second President. Sponsor of the American Revolution in Massachusetts, and wrote the Massachusetts guarantee that freedom of press "ought not to be restrained."He was a Patriot
Committees of Correspondence
Organization founded by Samuel Adams consisting of a system of communication between patriot leaders in New England and throughout the colonies
Law passed by parliament allowing the British East India Company to sell its low-cost tea directly to the colonies - undermining colonial tea merchants; led to the Boston Tea Party
Boston Tea Party
demonstration (1773) by citizens of Boston who (disguised as Indians) raided three British ships in Boston harbor and dumped hundreds of chests of tea into the harbor
King George III
• King George III, the king of England from 1760 to 1820, exercised a greater hand in the government of the American colonies than had many of his predecessors. Colonists were torn between loyalty to the king and resistance to acts carried out in his name. After King George III rejected the Olive Branch Petition, the colonists came to see him as a tyrant.
A series of laws set up by Parliament to punish Massachusetts for its protests against the British that closed Boston Harbor, restricted town meetings, and required even private citizens to lodge British soldiers
Outspoken member of House of Burgesses; inspired colonial patriotism with "Give me liberty or give me death" speech
First Continental Congress
The First Continental Congress convened on September 5, 1774, to protest the Intolerable Acts. The congress endorsed the Suffolk Resolves, voted for a boycott of British imports, and sent a petition to King George III, conceding to Parliament the power of regulation of commerce but stringently objecting to its arbitrary taxation and unfair judicial system.
Battle of Lexington and Concord
These two battles occurred on the same day. They were the first military conflicts of the war. Lexington was the first one, in which a shot suddenly rang out as minutemen were leaving the scene at Lexington. Fighting then occurred. The British won the brief fight. In the second battle, Concord, the British had gone onto Concord and, finding no arms, left to go back to Boston. On the bridge back, they met 300 minutemen. The British were forced to retreat, and the Americans claimed victory.
Olive Branch Petition
Still pledge loyalty to King George III but are still asking Britain to respect the rights and liberties of the colonies, repeal oppressive legislation, and British troops out of the colonies; George 3 didn't want anything to do with them and declared all colonies in a state of rebellion
Wrote Common Sense and changed American History, American Revolutionary leader and pamphleteer (born in England) who supported the American colonist's fight for independence and supported the French Revolution (1737-1809)
A prominent statesman, Thomas Jefferson became George Washington's first secretary of state. Along with James Madison, Jefferson took up the cause of strict constructionists and the Republican Party, advocating limited federal government. As the nation's third president from 1801 to 1809, Jefferson organized the national government by Thomas Jefferson Republican ideals, doubled the size of the nation, and struggled to maintain American neutrality
rights, freedoms and privileges which are such a basic part of human nature that they cannot be taken away. These are different from rights which are given to people by the law. According to the Declaration of Independence, these rights include "life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness."
the notion that society is based on an agreement between government and the governed in which people agree to give up some rights in exchange for the protection of others
Battle of Bunker Hill
First major battle of the Revolutions. It showed that the Americans could hold their own, but the British were also not easy to defeat. Ultimately, the Americans were forced to withdraw after running out of ammunition, and Bunker Hill was in British hands. However, the British suffered more deaths.
Virginian, patriot, general, and president. Lived at Mount Vernon. Led the Revolutionary Army in the fight for independence. First President of the United States.
a hit-and-run technique used in fighting a war; fighting by small bands of warriors using tactics such as sudden ambushes
Treaty of Paris 1783
This treaty ended the Revolutionary War, recognized the independence of the American colonies, and granted the colonies the territory from the southern border of Canada to the northern border of Florida, and from the Atlantic coast to the Mississippi River