Sacraments unit 1

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sacraments

efficacious signs of grace, instituted by Christ and entrusted to the Church, by which divine life is dispensed to us

efficacious

capable of producing a desired effect

symbol, reality

efficacious means the visible ____ actually brings about the spiritual ____ to which it points

grace

a participation in the life of God

free and unmerited gift from God

grace is a...

actual grace

God's intervention in our lives that propels us towards goodness, helps us act and gives us strength, and helps us make right moral decisions

both Christians and non-Christians

actual grace is given to...

habitual grace

what we receive in sacraments that helps place us in a "state of grace" and makes us more habitual in keeping with God's call

true

(true or false) with habitual grace you are still capable of sin

sacramental grace

makes us more and more like Jesus

sacramental economy

an expression that means the communication or dispensation of the fruits of Christ's Paschal Mystery through celebration of the sacramental liturgy

incarnation

a word that means "taking on human flesh"

liturgy

the official public worship of the Church

sacraments, divine office

the ______ and the ______ ______ constitute te Chruch's liturgy

hypostatic union

the doctrine of faith that recognizes two natures in the one divine Person of Jesus Christ

evangelists

the writers of the four gospels in the new testament

jesus

a hebrew name that means "god saves"

christ

a hebrew name that means "anointed one"

messiah

the long prophesied savior that god would send to save people from their sins

primordial sacrament

a reference to Jesus as the prime sacrament because he points to god's love while at the same time he is God's love for us as he reconciles the world to his father

communion of saints

the unity in Christ of all those he has redeemed: the Church on earth, in Heaven, and in Purgatory

sacramental grace

a participation in the life and love of the trinity that comes to us through the sacraments

laity

all the members of the church who have been initiated into the church through baptism and who are not ordained (the clergy) or in consecrated life

catechumens

unbaptized people who are preparing to receive all of the sacraments of christian initiation

catechumenate

a greek word that means "study or instruction," a 2-3 year period of study about Jesus and the Christian faith

catechists

teachers of the faith, ordained ministers and laypeople who help make Christian disciples

rite of christian initiation for adults

the process by which anyone of catechetical age is initiated into the catholic church

rite of baptism of children

the process by which infants are initiated into the church and after which catechesis takes place gradually as the person grows

baptism of blood

the belief that martyrs - people who die for their faith in Jesus - receive forgiveness for their sins and experience God's saving mercy if they had not yet been baptized by water

martyrs

literally "witnesses," someone who's been killed because of his or her faith

baptism of desire

the belief that catechumens who die before receiving the sacrament of baptism receive forgiveness for their sins and experience god's saving mercy

sacred chrism

blessed by a bishop, this perfumed oil is used for anointing in the sacraments of baptism, confirmation, and holy orders

exorcisms

prayerful rites in preparation for baptism that invoke god's help in overcoming the power of satan and the spirit of evil

original holiness and justice

the state of man and woman before sin

moral virtues

virtues acquired through human effort and with the help of God's grace

cardinal virtues

prudence, justice, fortitude, and temperance

sacramental

a sacred sign that resembles the sacraments

theological virtues

faith, hope, love

form of sacrament

words/prayers during a sacrament

matter of sacrament

physical sign of a sacrament

actual grace

grace for everyone

efficacious

an example of a ______ sign is a medecine bottle that symbolizes healing

nonefficacious

an example of a ______ sign is an owl that symbolizes knowledge

they direct us to God

why are sacraments like maps?

memorial, celebration, communion, transformation

list the four dimensions of all sacraments

memorial

a sacrament recalls or remembers some aspect of God's eternal love for us - and that he always has our best interest at heart

celebration

celebrates the richness of God's presence in our lives - involves objects, words, and actions that give worship and thanks to God

communion

unites us with the blessed trinity and all the other members of the Church

transformation

each sacrament empowers and changes us so that we may live and act as Jesus and as Church

efficacious

Jesus is an ________ sign

sacramental view of reality

God is present in, and speaks to us through, his creation and the events of our lives on earth

minister

person performing the sacrament

baptism, confirmation, and eucharist

list the 3 sacraments of initiation

sacraments of healing

reconciliation and anointing of the sick

sacraments of service

marriage and holy orders - build up the church

contract

an exchange of property, goods and services

covenant

______ created a family bond

covenant

what does the word "testament" mean?

donatism

a heresy which claimed that sacraments performed by unholy priests were not valid

God, priest

St. Augustine said sacraments derive their grace from _____, and the holiness of the ______ does not affect the validity of the sacrament

one, holy, catholic, and apostolic

4 marks of the church

baptizein

baptism comes from _______ (a greek word)

to plunge or to immerse

what does baptism mean?

noah

who did god save from the waters of death

john the baptist

who preached repentance from sin and urged people to become baptized as a way of showing their commitment to god's covenant

john the baptist

who baptized Jesus

essenes

a sect of Judaism particularly concerned with daily ritual washings, followed by a common meal, we aren't sure whether john the baptist was one

nicodemus

a pharisee and member of the jewish ruling council who asked Jesus how someone can be born when they are old

water, spirit, baptism

Jesus told Nicodemus that no one can enter the kingdom of God unless they are born of ______ and ______ aka ____

go and baptize all nations

what did jesus tell the apostles

baptism

__________ is a pleadge of a clear conscience toward God, it saves us by the resurrection of Jesus Christ

indelible sign

it marks us permanently, we belong to Jesus and it cannot be repeated or withdrawn

sign of the cross, the word of god, exorcisms and profession of faith, blessing of the water, essential rite of baptism, anointing with sacred chrism, clothing in a white garment, lit candle

8 basic elements of the rite of baptism

protoevanglium

the first announcement of the messiah and redeemer and of his ultimate victory over sin and death

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