A form of government in which the people vote on leaders who represent them in government and make decisions on behalf of the people. (Republicanism is the same idea)
The division of the Legislative Branch into two houses of Congress - the Senate and the House of Representatives.
Separation of Powers
The powers of the government are separated into three branches so that no one branch has too much power.
Checks and Balances
A system that allows each branch of government to check up on the two branches.
Government power that is divided between the national government and the states
Powers delegated to the National Government such as the power to declare war and raise a military.
Powers reserved for the State Governments such as the power to set up schools and local governments.
Powers that are shared by the National and State Governments such as the power to tax the citizens.
Government power comes from the people through voting.