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Rhythm

all music has rhtem, rhythm is the fast/ slow of each note

Meter

Duple(March like) 1-2, 1-2 or triple (sways)1-2-3,1-2-3,You guess: STAND UP!!!!
"Yankee Doodle"
"Molly Mallone"
"When the Saints Go Marching In"
"Cell Block Tango" Chicago
"Morning" Peer

Melody

is The tune!
Can move by steps "Tell Me Why" leaps, "SSB" or repeated notes "Steal Away"
Listen to "Morning Song" Can you hear melody? What instrument is playing the melody?
Major
Minor

Texture

is a function of the number and general realtionship of musical lines to one another, texture can range many voice tothin(a single voice.)

Monophonic

a single melody performed by one or many--- all singing same line of music

Homophonic

a single melody with harmony

Polyphonic

a melody is begun in one voice and repeated by another group before the first group finishes. Or two different melodies at the same time

Harmony

Supports the melody with underlying voices or instruments
The guitar normally plays harmony for the singer (who sings the melody!)

Timbre

Color of the voice or instrument
A flute sounds

Dynamics

LOUD vs. SOFT

Form

How music is organized
First you make a musical statement. Then, either you repeat it, vary it slightly, or do something entirely different (contrast). Let's look at Taylor Swift's "Our Song"

Word-Music Relationship

Strange Fruit -text

Major

brighter and some how happy

minor

dark and sad

chord

a combination of three or more notes that blend harmoniously when sounded together

cadence

it like a period in a sentence.

Genre

the category of a given work determined by a combination of it performance medium and its social function. it tell about a great deal.

Unison

when muilt performers are singing or playing a single melody together.

Acoustics

the science of sound how it produced, transmitted, and perceived, and it explain the most basic element of melody.

Churches-

Monuments to God

Testimony to power of church

Lift the eye heavenward

Stained glass instructed through pictures for those who could not read

Music enhanced text and inspired with beauty of sound

Sacred Music

Pope Gregory's "plainchant"
Gregorian Chant
Latin text
Monophonic
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d5p_U8J0iRQ

Salve Regina

Hail, holy Queen, Mother of Mercy! Our life, our sweetness, and our hope! To thee do we cry, poor banished children of Eve, to thee do we send up our sighs, mourning and weeping in this valley, of tears. Turn, then, most gracious advocate, thine eyes of mercy toward us; and after this our exile show unto us the blessed fruit of thy womb Jesus; O clement, O loving, O sweet virgin Mary. V. Pray for us, O holy Mother of God R. That we may be made worthy of the promises of Christ.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d5p_U8J0iRQ

Secular Music

Music for Entertainment
Castles - symbol of
secular, worldly power
*Rulers competed for
services of the best poets,
singers and dancers
Text could be bawdy and
Explicit- like today.
Sung in Vernacular (language of people)

Sumer Is Icumen In" http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GJvF9xucG90
Polyphonic (more than one voice singing melody at different times)
You will also hear a repeating pattern called a PES
"Sing cuccu nu, sing cuccu"
Instruments were often added

Hildegard von Bingen

Mass was most important service of worship
a reenactment of "The Last Supper."
Gregorian Chant enhanced the Mass.

Soon began reenacting the readings

Wrote "Play of Virtues" - a morality play
Good vs. Evil

What else do you hear? What other elements?

Make a List...

TEXTURE: Polyphony - 2 distinct and
important voices at the same time - doesn't have to be a the SAME part
METER: Triple Meter
MELODY: Conjunct, Cadences
TEXT/WORD:Syllabic
Melisma.... Where?
FORM: ABAA

Alfonso el Sabio (1221-84)
13th C.

Alfonso "The Wise"

Ruler in Castille and Leon

Music attributed to him

Commissioned many pieces

"He Who Gladly Serves"
From
Songs to the Virgin Mary
No. 249

Francesco Landini 1325-1397
14th C.

Blind- small pox

Most famous Italian composer of 14th c.

Wrote more than 150 SECULAR songs




"Ecco la Primavera" Behold, Spring
track 21

What else do you hear? What other elements?

Make a List

TEXTURE: Polyphony - 2 distinct and
important voices at the same time - doesn't have to be a the SAME part
METER: Triple Meter
MELODY: Conjunct, Cadences
TEXT/WORD:Syllabic
Melisma.... Where?
FORM: ABAA

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