Patriot leader and president of the Second Continental Congress; first person to sign the Declaration of Independence.
Prime Minister of England whom repealed the Townshend Acts. Resigned after Cornwallis' surrender in 1781.
England Prime Minister who introduced the stamp and sugar acts.
Leader of the Sons of Liberty, organizer of the Boston Tea Party, and signer of the Declaration of Independence.
American silversmith remembered for his midnight ride to warn the colonists in Lexington and Concord that the "British troops are coming". (1735-1818)
Developed the technique known as crop rotation.
2nd U.S. President who was a Federalist. (1979-1801)
A free black man who was the first person killed in the Revolution at the Boston Massacre.
Marquis de Lafayette
French soldier who served under George Washington in the American Revolution. (1757-1834)
King George III
King of England during the American Revolution
Baron Von Steuben
Prussian drillmaster who who taught Washington's troops how to fight at Valley Forge.
The theory that international commerce should primarily serve to increase a country's wealth.
"No taxation without representation"
The colonists' belief that they should not be taxed since they had no direct representatives in Parliament.
Series of commercial restrictions adopted by American colonists to protest British revenue policies prior to the American Revolution.
British Privy Council right to nullify any legislation passed by the colonial system if it went against Mercantilism.
Internal / External taxation
Internal: A tax imposed that is not related to imports or exports.
External: Tax put on goods that are imported.
The British argument that the American colonies were represented in Parliament, since the members of Parliament represented all Englishmen in the empire.
Refuse to do business with as a means of protest and persuasion.
Board of Trade
Commissioned by King William III of England to supervise commerce and review colonial laws so that they don't interfered with trade or conflicted with the laws of England.
Sons of Liberty
Secret societies formed to protest new taxes passed by Parliament. Led the Boston Tea Party and threatened tax collectors.