Member of an ecological community the can manufacture organic compounds, such as glucose, from simple inorganic compounds such as CO2, using an abiotic energy source, such as sunlight. Also known as an AUTOTROPH.
Member of an ecological community that can manufacture organic compounds, such as glucose, from simple inorganic compounds, such as CO2, using an abiotic energy source, such as the sun. Also known as a PRODUCER.
Members of a community that must obtain their energy by eating other organisms, or parts of them. All animals are this. Also known as a heterotroph.
Members of a community that must obtain their energy by eating other organisms, or parts of them. Also known as a consumer.
Process by which producers use radiant energy of the sun to convert water and carbon dioxide into oxygen and high-energy carbohydrates such as sugars and starches.
a system formed by the interaction of a community of organisms with their physical environment.
Consumer organisms that eat decomposing organic matter, such as rotting leaves, dung or decaying animal remains, eg earthworms, dung beetles and crabs.
These organisms chemically break down organic matter into simple inorganic forms or mineral nutrients, such as nitrate and phosphate. These mineral nutrients are recycled when they are taken up by producer organisms. Typically fungi or bacteria.
Refers to groups of different species that exploit the same food resource in similar ways in an ecosystem. EG, various species of bird that eat insects from the leaves of trees.
When members os a community compete for resources such as food, shelter or territory. May be between members of the same species.
Competition between members of populations of two or more different species.
Chemical inhibition by one plant species of the germination or growth of another species.
The inhibitory chemicals used in allelopathy. Made in various parts of a plant such as roots leaves or shoots. Eg, barley, wheat, sweet potatoes, pine.
Odourless chemicals that serve as social signals to members of one's species, Many femal moths signal their readiness for reproduction by releasing these chemicals.
A relationship is which one species (the predator) kills and eats another living animal (the prey).
A sea predator that sits and waits for prey to come along, then using stinging cells on their arms and captures the prey. A carnivore.
the resemblance of an animal species to another species or to natural objects, provides prey concealment from predators.
A relationship in which one kind of organism (the parasite) lives on or in another kind (the host) and feeds on it, typically without killing it. The host suffers various negative effects in the relationship and ONLY the parasite benefits.
an animal or plant that lives in or on a host (another animal or plant) with only the parasite benefitting and the host suffering, or dying.
A varied group of organisms that are like parasites. Parasitoids kill their hosts that are usually another kind of insect.
In w hich the parasite obtains some nutrients, such as water and minerals, from its host but makes some of its own food through photosynthesis.
a rootlike attachment in parasitic plants that penetrates and obtains food from the host.
The prolonged association between two different species in which both partners gain some benefit.
These bacteria can convert nitrogen from the air into useable nitrogen compounds.
Refers to the situation in which one member gins benefit and the other member neither suffers harm no gains benefit. Eg, clownfish.