Terrorism and Homeland Security: An Introduction, 6th Edition Chapter 17
|Bill of Rights|| |
The first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution.
|civil liberties||Individual rights granted to citizens under the U.S. Constitution.|
|defense in depth||Using social networks in national defense. It is based on Arthur Cebrowski's idea of operating at all levels of society.|
|enemy combatant||A legal term used to describe nonstate paramilitary captives from Afghanistan. The term was later applied to all jihadist terrorists by the Bush administration.|
|Fourteenth Amendment||A person cannot be deprived of freedom or property by the government unless the government follows all the procedures demanded for legal prosecution.|
|human rights||The basic entitlements and protections that should be given to every person.|
Responding to social problems with military solutions. In law enforcement militarization is usually characterized by martial law.
|reasonableness||The actions an average person would take when confronted with certain circumstances. This is a Fourth Amendment doctrine.|
|separation of powers||The distribution of power among the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of government. When powers are separated, they are assumed to be balanced. No one branch can take control of the government.|
|USA Patriot Act||A law passed in October 2001 that expands law enforcement's power to investigate and deter terrorism. Opponents claim that it adversely affects civil liberties; proponents claim that it introduces reasonable measures to protect the country against terrorists. The act was amended and renewed in 2006.|
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