a struggle between two opposing forces. The purpose is to provide interest, suspense, and tension. External or internal.
Person against person
problem with another character. ex: "A Measure of Freedom."
Person against society
problem with the laws or beliefs of a group of people. ex: Betram Cates vs. town in "Inherit the Wind."
Person against nature
problem with a force of nature or some aspect of the enviroment. ex : Mary vs Mushroom in "Too Soon A Woman"
Person against self
problem with deciding what to do, think, or feel. ex: Stick Figure
Person against fate
problem that seems beyond a character's control. normally in fantasy.
Person against technology
problem with technology
the chief character in a work, there can be more than one, they aren't necessarily the "good guy"
the rival, opponent, or enemy of the protagonist
the time and physical place in which the action of the story takes place.
4 elements of setting
the geographical location or the physical place of the place, the occupations and daily actions of the characters, the time or period in which the action takes place, and the general environment of the characters.
the feeling that a story creates in a reader.
the creation of imaginary persons so that they seem lifelike.
how characters look
what characters do
what characters say and how they say it
what the character surrounds herself with
how other people treat/act around character
when the writer makes direct statements about the character. ex: blonde
when the writer reveals info about the character through which the reader can make inferences.
the person telling the story; not necessarily the author; sometimes they are the same (ex: Stick Figure)
point of view
the vantage point from which an author presents the story
first person point of view
the narrator is a character in the story (ex: I, me)
third person point of view
the narrator is someone outside the action and not a character in the story (ex: he, she)
limited point of view
the narrator knows/tells only what one character sees, thinks, and feels
omniscient point of view
the narrator knows/tells what all the characters see, think, and feel.