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US Government Chap. 3

Checks and Balances

Limitations placed on a branch of government political power by giving the other branches some control over its affairs

Republicanism

The belief that the citizens of a state have political authority, they are bound by a social contract to obey laws, and their rights are guaranteed by a constitution.

Popular Sovereignty

Governing authority that comes the people.

Judicial Review

The power of a court to determine whether laws and other government actions are constitutional or otherwise lawful

Separation of Powers

The distribution of political power among the branches of government, giving each branch a set of responsibilities.

Veto

The formal rejection of legislation by a chief executive.

Unconstitutional

A law or government action that violates provisions set fourth in the U.S. constitution.

Amendment

1) An addition to an already adopted constitution. 2) An addition to a bill that is under consideration by a legislature.

Bill of Rights

The first 10 amendments to the US constitution, which guarantee certain individuals liberties, including property right; the right to trial by jury, and freedom of expressing and religion.

Repeal

To reverse or cancel an existing law or regulation.

Cabinet

An advisory board that is made up of the heads of the government's executive departments and reports to the chief executive.

Executive Agreement

An agreement between the president and the heads of other nations.

Political Party

A formal organization of people who seek to influence government actions and politics by electing its members to public office.

Faction

A group of people seeking to advance their own concerns.

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