Checks and Balances
Limitations placed on a branch of government political power by giving the other branches some control over its affairs
The belief that the citizens of a state have political authority, they are bound by a social contract to obey laws, and their rights are guaranteed by a constitution.
The power of a court to determine whether laws and other government actions are constitutional or otherwise lawful
Separation of Powers
The distribution of political power among the branches of government, giving each branch a set of responsibilities.
A law or government action that violates provisions set fourth in the U.S. constitution.
1) An addition to an already adopted constitution. 2) An addition to a bill that is under consideration by a legislature.
Bill of Rights
The first 10 amendments to the US constitution, which guarantee certain individuals liberties, including property right; the right to trial by jury, and freedom of expressing and religion.
An advisory board that is made up of the heads of the government's executive departments and reports to the chief executive.
A formal organization of people who seek to influence government actions and politics by electing its members to public office.