Anatomical Terms from Martini Chapters 1-3

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Martini -- Chapters 1-3

cranial

Skull

cephallic

head area

buccal

cheek

nasal

nose

oral

mouth

mental

chin

ocular

eye

frontal

forehead

cervical

neck

facial

Face

antecubital

anterior surface of elbow

antebrachial

the forearm

palmar

palm

carpal

wrist

pollex

thumb

manual

hand

axillary

armit

brachial

arm

olecranal

posterior surface of elbow

scapular

shoulder blade

digital/phalangeal

fingers/toes

acromial

highest point of the shoulder

pectoral

chest

mammary

breast

sternal

breastbone

abdominal

abdomen

umbilical

belly button

vertebral

spinal column

thoracic

region of the rib cage

dorsal

toward the back

lumbar

of or relating to or near the part of the back between the ribs and the hipbones

pubic

genital region

pelvic

of or relating to the pelvis

inguinal

of or relating to or near the groin

perineal

region between the anus and external genitalia

gluteal

buttocks

femoral

Thigh

crural

anterior surface of leg, inferior to knee

patellar

kneecap

popliteal

posterior knee area

sural

calf

peroneal/fibular

lateral of leg, inferior to knee

pedal

foot

tarsal

ankle

calcaneal

heel

hallux

big toe

plantar

Sole of foot

anterior

Front

ventral

toward, on, or near the belly

dorsal

toward the back

posterior

Toward the back

cranial, cephallic

toward the head

caudal

toward the posterior end of the body

inferior

below

superior

above

medial

toward the midline

lateral

away from the midline

distal

situated farthest from point of attachment or origin, as of a limb or bone

proximal

toward the attached base

superficial

on or near the surface

deep

away from the body surface; more internal

visceral

pertaining to the internal organs

parietal

Pertaining to the outer wall of the body cavity

ipsilateral

on or relating to the same side (of the body)

bilateral

having two sides or parts

transverse

divides the body into upper and lower halves

sagittal

divides body into left and right

frontal

divides body into anterior and posterior

visceral peritoneum

inner layer of the membrane that surrounds the organs of the abdominal cavity

parietal peritoneum

outer layer of the membrane that lines the abdominal cavity

basic unit of protein

amino acids

basic unit of fat

triglycerides

basic unit of carbohydrates

monosaccharides

primary protein structure

amino acids

secondary protein structure

alpha helix and beta pleated sheets

tertiary protein structure

3-D shape of the molecule

quartenary protein structure

more than one amino acid chain

basic units of DNA and RNA

glucose, nitrogen, phosphate

nitrogens in DNA

adenine, cytosine, guanine, thymine

catonic formula of ATP

ATP+H2O=ADP+phosphate+energy

cellular respiration

glucose+ADP+P+O2=H2O+CO2+ATP

isotonic

when the concentration of two solutions is the same

hypertonic

(of a solution) having a higher osmotic pressure than a comparison solution

hypotonic

(of a solution) having a lower osmotic pressure than a comparison solution

Sodium pump moves Na _____ and K _______

out; in

phagocytosis

a type of endocytosis in which a cell engulfs large particles or whole cells

pinocytosis

A type of endocytosis in which the cell ingests extracellular fluid and its dissolved solutes.

_____ cells undergo meioses

sex cells

contact inhibition

when cells hit other cells they stop dividing

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