before history; the events in the period of time before writing was invented
is the study of mankind or a culture based on the evidence one is given
is either an early human or a creature that walks upright
an object hand made by humans; which is also considered evidence
refers to the Ice Age also called the Old Stone Age which lasted from 2.5 million to 8000 B.C.E
refers to the New Age and lasted from 8000 B.C.E to 3000 B.C.E
man of skill : man before the Homo erectus took over: they used tools to survive
upright man; they took over Homo Habilis; believed to be more intelligent and adaptableby coming up with technology; were the first to start fires and use them; finally they were the first man to migrate from Africa; might have developed spoken language; named places and objects
created art; were from Europe; had religious beleifs/ burial sites; spoken lauguages (planned hunts); More similar to modern humans; had a high population rate
created religion; from Europe; interested/ invented art/ music (bone flute); low population rate; were not ancestors of modern humans
trained scientists who are like detectives to find out the stories about prehistoric times; they dig through dirt in small parts to find artifacts/ evidence
a people's own way of living; practices of a society or religion; shared understanding, socil organization (anthropolgists study this)
the one's who examine the aftifacts at the archaeoligist dig
human made artifacts found in rocks
usually are teeth, bones, skulls etc.
humans and other creatures that walk upright (hominids) Lucy was one of these
Austra --> Latin for Southern, pithekos--> Greek for ape
a full skeleton in Etheopia who lived about 3.2 or 3.5 million years ago. was an Australopithecine Afarensis (discovered in 1974)
a hominid that was 4.4 million years old and discovered in 1994 . labeled as an Ardipithecus Ramidus
wise man; species name for modern humans; had lager brains than homo erectuis; it was believed that homo erectus developed into these
is the study of the earth and our interaction with the environment
physical features of the earth (natural and man made); one of the three elements of geography
one of the three elements of geography; made up of the temperature, humidity, wind, rainfall, and air pressure; there are 6 regions:(list temp. for each)
such as coal; mineral; oil
an imaginary circle around the middle of the earth, halfway between the North Pole and the South Pole
an imaginary line around the Earth parallel to the equator
distance east or west on the earth's surface, measured in degrees from a certain meridian (line from the North to the South Pole).
line of the global grid running from the North Pole to the South Pole at Greenwich, England; starting point for measuring degrees of east and west longitude
one half of the earth
one of the large landmasses of the earth
are the largest bodies of salt water between the continents; there are 5 oceans;
a narrow channel of the sea joining two larger bodies of water
is a narrow strip of land connecting two larger land areas usually with waterforms on either side.
land surrounded by water on three sides
a part of an ocean or sea extending into the land
a large area of flat or nearly flat land
a dry, treeless plain
Members of the order of mammals includes monkeys, apes, and humans
The ability to walk upright on 2 legs, characteristic of hominids
landmass of India, Pakistan, and Bangledesh
a large landmass that forms a distinct part of a continent
seasonal winds that dominates India's climate
the yellow silt which is blown by the winds from deserts to the west and north
A river in South Asia(India) that flows southwest from the Himalayas to the Arabian Sea.
from Himilayas and flows to the Bay of Bengal
center of the peninsula in a high plateau out by the twisting rivers
Eastern and Western Ghats
Low mountain ranges that form the plateau
Yellow River located in North Asia; called the yellow river because it leaves yellow silt when it overflows its banks.
A.K.A. Yangtze River;flows east to Yellow river; located in Central China
North China Plain
is the smallest between the Thiang He and Chang Jiang river in eastern China; Heartland of China
a massive temple in Ur. A pyramid shaped monument "mountain of God"
groups of families that had a leader
group of 20 to 30 people
the leader, King of the clan, the cheif/ cheiftain (in the Neolithic times)
created to cultivate more land ahd produce extra crops
a complex culture with 5 characteriztics: advanced cities, specialized workers, complex institutions, record keeping and advanced technology
one of the 5 characteristics of civilization; birthplace of the first civilizatioins
- is the center of trade for a larger area
one of the 5 characteristics of civilization;the cities grew, so they needed more of them
- they helped artisans develop skill.
- they worked in different fields that would benefit the economy and civilization
the develpoment of skill in a spefic kind of work
skilled workers who made goods by hand
one off the 5 characteristics of Civilization; as the population increase they needed government officials to keep order.
Ex: some of the things they establisher were governmnet, economoy and religion.
created temples where priests could take over.. & it was where ppl. go their food and items
a long lasting pattern of organization in a community
ex: government, economy and religion
one of the 5 characteristics of Civilization; people needed to keep records as things became more complex.
government: thye documented the tax collections, passage of laws and storage of grain
priests: needed calenders to keep track of rituals
merchants: reord accounts of depts and payments
professional record keepers
means "wedge-shaped"; it was a Sumerian writing made of pictographys- symbols of the objects and what they represented.
(like stylo in french); a scribe tool; was a sharpened reed with a wedge-shaped point. pressed into moist clay to create symbols; baked clay to preseve the writing.
one of the 5 characteristics of Civilizaton; Sumarian artisans relied on new technology to make to make things easier.
3500 B.C.E- the potters wheel was created to shape, jugs, and bowls
2500 B.C.E- discoverd if they mixed the right amounts of copper and tin.. that it would create Bronze.
the time when people began using bronze; rather than copper and stone- to fahion and weapons (Varied in Asia and Europe)