Anterior/Posterior/Directional/regional terms

62 terms by kbraden94

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abdominal

anterior body trunk inferior to ribs

acromial

point of shoulder

anticubital

anterior surface of elbow

axillary

armpit

brachial

arm

buccal

cheek

carpal

wrist

cervical

neck region

crural

leg

digital

fingers & toes

femoral

thigh

fibular

lateral part of leg

inguinal

area where thigh meets body trunk; groin

nasal

nose area

oral

mouth

orbital

eye area

patellar

anterior knee

pelvic

area overlying the pelvis anteriorly

pubic

genetal region

sternal

breastbone area

tarsal

ankle region

thoratic

chest

umbilical

naval

calcaneal

heel of foot

caphalic

head

deltoid

curve of shoulder formed by deltoid muscle

glueteal

buttock

lumbar

area of back between ribs and hips

occipital

posterior surface of head

olecranial

posterior surface of elbow

popliteal

posterior knee area

sacral

area between hips

scapular

shoulder blade region

sural

posterior surface of lower leg; calf

vertebral

area of spine

plantar

sole of the foot

superior (cranial)

toward the head end or upper part of a structure; above

"The forehead is superior to the nose."

Inferior (caudal)

away from the head end toward the lower part of a structure; below

"The naval is inferior to the breastbone."

Anterior (ventral)

toward or at the front of the body; in front of

"The breastbone is anterior to the spine."

Posterior (Dorsal)

Toward or at the backside of the body

"The heart is posterior to the breastbone."

Medial

Toward or at the midline of the body; on the inner side of

"The heart is medial to the arm."

Lateral

away from the midline of the body; on the outer side

"The arms are lateral to the chest."

intermediate

between a more medial and a lateral structure

"The armpit is intermediate between the breastbone and shoulder."

superficial (external)

toward or at body surface

'The skin is superficial to the skeleton."

deep (internal)

away from body surface; more internal

"the lungs are deep to the rib cage."

proximal

close to the origin of the body part or the point of attatchement of a limb to the body trunk.

"The elbow is proximal to the wrist."

Distal

farther from the origin of a body part or the point of attachement of a limb to the body trunk.

"the knee is distal to the thigh. "

Sagital section

a cut made along the lengthwise or longitude. divides into right and left.

frontal section

divides the body into anterior and posterior

transverse section

divides the body into superior and inferior.

cranial cavity

space inside the skull

spinal cavity

extends from the cranial cavity to the end of vertebrae cavity

Thoracic cavity

superior divided by diaphragm

mediastinum

seperates the lungs into right and left cavities; houses the heart

abdominopelvic

stomach, liver, intestines

umbilical region

centermost

epigastric region

superior to umbilical

hypogastric region

inferior to umbilical

right/left illiac or inguinal

lateral to hypogastric

right/left lumbar

lateral to umbilical

right/left hyoochondriac

flank epigastric and contains lower ribs

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