Respiratory System (Med 165)

27 terms by bdanner 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Ventilation (External Respiration)

The movement of air through the conducting passages between the external environment and the lungs

Internal Respiration

The exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the air in the lungs and the blood in the surrounding capillaries

Cellular Respiration

The exchange of gases between tissue cells and the blood in the tissue capillaries

Pleura

Membranes that cover the lungs

Trachea

Medical term for "windpipe"

Larynx

Medical term for "voice box"

CO2

Abbreviation for carbon dioxide, a gas that is considered a metabolic waste product that we expell through breathing

Diaphragm

A large dome-shaped muscle that divides the thoracic and abdominal cavities. Its contraction aids the thoracic muscles in moving air through breathing passages

Surfactant

A lipoprotein substance that reduces the surface tension of the alveoli so they do not adhere and collapse

Alveoli

Thin tissued air sacs where oxygen and carbon dioxide diffuse

Left Bronchus

Longer, narrow, and less vertical than the right bronchus

Right Bronchus

Shorter, wider, and more vertical than the left bronchus. Easier for particles to enter than the left side

O2

Abbreviation for "oxygen". A gas taken from the atmosphere into the lungs. it is necessary for cellular metabolism to occur.

Epiglottis

Long leaf-shaped structure that prevents food from entering the respiratory system

Pharynx

Medical term for "throat"

Glottis

The opening between the vocal cords

True Vocal Cords

Consist of the lower folds of the larynx

Eupena

The medical term for "normal, regular breathing"

Dyspena

The medical term for "difficult, labored breathing"

Tidal Volume

The amount of air moving in and out of the lungs with each breath

Cilia

Hair like structures of the respiratory system that propel mucus with trapped particles toward the pharynx

Mediastinum

The open area between the lungs that contains the heart

Upper Respiratory System

Nose, pharynx, larynx

Lower Respiratory System

Trachea, Bronchial Tree (bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli), lungs

Inspiration

The active phase of ventilation. Taking in air or "inhaling"

Phren

The word part meaning "diaphram"

Trache/o

The word part meaning "windpipe"

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set