According to the Proclamation of 1763?:
settlers were prohibited from crossing the Appalachians.
Thomas Paine's Common Sense?:
blamed George III for the colonies' problems and urged Americans to declare their independence.
The Intolerable Acts of 1774 included all of the following EXCEPT?:
new taxes on glass, tea, lead, and paper.
The Stamp Act Congress was significant because it?:
marked an important step toward the unity of the colonies.
Benjamin Franklin epitomized which movement in colonial America?:
Which was NOT a result of the French and Indian War (Seven Years' War)?:
Great Britain gained Louisiana.
A historian compared tax lists for the years 1687 and 1771. What changes do you think he found in the Boston of 1771 compared to the Boston of 1687?:
a more stratified social structure
The ideology of revolutionary republicanism?:
borrowed ideas from a variety of former Whig and Enlightenment thinkers.
Colonial Committees of Correspondence were created to?:
publicize grievances against England.
Which of the following is typical of the role that colonial women played during the Townshend crisis?:
organizing spinning bees.
Which of the following is an accurate description of the Sons of Liberty, created in 1765?:
this inter-colonial association was created by the elite in an attempt to channel crowd action into acceptable forms of resistance.
Which of the following statements best expressed the argument presented by John Dickinson in Letters From a Farmer in Pennsylvania?:
Parliament may not use its power to regulate colonial trade for the purpose of raising revenue
The most important consequence of the Boston Tea Party was the?:
nactment by Parliament of the Coercive Act.
Which of the following had the least significance in providing experience and concepts that were used by the colonists in their arguments and fight for independence?:
the development by the colonists of crops for export.
The British response to the American claim of no taxation without representation was that?:
members of Parliament represented the interests of all people in the British Empire.
England passed the Stamp Act in 1765 to?:
raise money to reduce England's national debt.
The Declaratory Act of 1766?:
stated that parliament had the power to make laws binding on the colonies.
One accomplishment of the First Continental Congress was to?:
petition the king to recognize the colonists' rights.
The Molasses Act was intended to enforce England's mercantilist policies by?:
forcing the colonists to buy sugar from other British colonies rather than from foreign producers.
Which of the following states the principle of virtual representation, as it was argued during the 18c?:
all English subjects, including those who are not allowed to vote, are represented in Parliament.
A writ of assistance?:
allowed the British to ransack a colonial merchant's house in search of illegal goods.
Events in the late 1760s and early 1770s helped to bring about a new consensus in the colonies. What was the consensus?:
that Parliament had no lawmaking authority over the colonies except for the right to regulate imperial commerce
During the early 1770s, the patriots sought freedom from parliamentary authority but continued to pledge allegiance to the king. This patriot position was difficult for the British to understand because?:
in the British mind the king was part of Parliament and the two could not be separated.
During the 1760s and 1770s the most effective American tactic in gaining the repeal of the Stamp and Townshend Acts was?:
boycotting British goods.
This law passed in Parliament was specifically designed to regulate American trade.
This ended the French and Indian War and gave England all of the French territories in North America.
Treaty of Paris, 1763
This pre-1763 British policy overlooked colonial violations of Britain's trade laws and allowed the colonies to govern themselves.
In an attempt to bring the Iroquois into the Seven Years' War and deal with other military affairs, this proposal, drafted by Benjamin Franklin, presented the idea that colonial defense problems should be handled by a royally-appointed president-general and a federal council of delegates chosen by the colonies. It was rejected by the colonies and the Iroquois remained neutral during the war.
Albany Plan of Union
The ability of colonial legislatures in the 18c to initiate money bills, specifying the amount to be raised and its uses.
Power of the Purse
This political agitator led the Boston Tea Party and attended the First Continental Congress as a delegate from Massachusetts.
This network of lawyers, merchants, tradesmen, and other townspeople organized colonial protests against British regulations.
Sons and Daughters of Liberty
Lord North's attempt to punish Americans for the Boston "Tea Party"; it closed Boston Harbor.
Colonial radicals formed these groups in each town and colony to spread the word of any new English aggression.
Committees of Correspondence
A general search warrant used by the British customs officials to hunt for smuggled goods.
writ of assistance
This legislation was a defense of Parliament's sovereignty over the colonies; it was passed to compensate for the repeal of the Stamp Act.
It recognized the religion freedom of Canada's largely Catholic population; the American colonists saw this as a British attempt to disregard the colonies' western land claims and surround them with Catholic allies of the British Crown.
This was adopted by the First Continental Congress and it promised obedience to the king, but denied Parliament the right to tax the colonies.
Declaration of Rights and Grievances
This document, proposed by Lord North, promised any colony that would provide for its own government and defense virtual immunity from taxation. This plan was rejected by the colonies.
Resolution of Reconciliation
A series of new duties enacted by Parliament on widely used colonial products, this legislation established the vice-admiralty courts to enforce British trade laws.
A final attempt by moderates in the Continental Congress to prevent an all-out war with Britain.
Olive Branch Petition
This was a move by Britain to forbid American settlers from moving westward into Native American territories in the Ohio Valley.
Proclamation of 1763
The second of Grenville's revenue measures, it led to the Virginia Resolve and colonial congress.
This work, written by John Dickinson, protested against the Townshend Acts and questioned the right of Parliament to levy "external" duties to raise revenue in the colonies.
Letters from a Pennsylvania farmer
an English political philosopher whose ideas inspired the American revolution. He wrote that all human beings have a right to life, liberty, and property, and that governments exist to protect those rights. He believed that government was based upon an unwritten "social contract" between the rulers and their people, and if the government failed to uphold its end of the contract, the people had a right to rebel and institute a new government.
Part of the Seven Years' War in Europe. Britain and France fought for control of the Ohio Valley and Canada. The Algonquins, who feared British expansion into the Ohio Valley, allied with the French. The Mohawks also fought for the French while the rest of the Iroquois Nation allied with the British. The colonies fought under British commanders. Britain eventually won, and gained control of all of the remaining French possessions in Canada, as well as India. Spain, which had allied with France, ceeded Florida to Britain, but received Louisana in return.
French and Indian War
An historian who wrote about the struggle between France and Britain for North America
During the French and Indian War, Franklin wrote this proposal for a unified colonial government, which would operate under the authority of the British government.
Albany Plan of Union
Land squabble between France and Britain. France tried to retake Nova Scotia (which it had lost to Britain in Queen Anne's War). The war ended with a treaty restoring the status quo, so that Britain kept Nova Scotia).
King Georges War
Land squabble between Britain and Spain over Georgia and trading rights. Battles took place in the Caribbean and on the Florida/Georgia border. The name comes from a British captain named Jenkin, whose ear was cut off by the Spanish.
War of Jenkins Ear
British commander in the French and Indian War. He was killed and his army defeated in a battle at the intersection of the Ohio, Allegheny, and Monongahela Rivers, known as the Battle of Fallen Timbers. After his death, his colonial second-in-command, Col. George Washington, temporarily lead the British forces
Treaty between Britain, France, and Spain, which ended the Seven Years War (and the French and Indian War). France lost Canada, the land east of the Mississippi, some Caribbean islands and India to Britain. France also gave New Orleans and the land west of the Mississippi to Spain, to compensate it for ceeding Florida to the British.
Treaty of Paris
1763 - An Indian uprising after the French and Indian War, led by an Ottowa chief named Pontiac. They opposed British expansion into the western Ohio Valley and began destroying British forts in the area. The attacks ended when Pontiac was killed
A proclamation from the British government which forbade British colonists from settling west of the Appalacian Mountains, and which required any settlers already living west of the mountains to move back east.
Proclamation of 1763
A mob of Pennsylvania frontiersmen led by the Paxtons who massacred a group of non-hostile Indians
Part of Prime Minister Grenville's revenue program, the act replaced the Molasses Act of 1733, and actually lowered the tax on sugar and molasses (which the New England colonies imported to make rum as part of the triangular trade) from 6 cents to 3 cents a barrel, but for the first time adopted provisions that would insure that the tax was strictly enforced; created the vice-admiralty courts; and made it illegal for the colonies to buy goods from non-British Caribbean colonies.
British legislation which had taxed all molasses, rum, and sugar which the colonies imported from countries other than Britain and her colonies. The act angered the New England colonies, which imported a lot of molasses from the Caribbean as part of the Triangular Trade. The British had difficulty enforcing the tax; most colonial merchants did not pay it
When King James II was dethroned and replaced by King William of the Netherlands, the colonists of New York rebelled and made Jacob Leiser, a militia officer, governor of New York. Leisler was hanged for treason when royal authority was reinstated in 1691, but the representative assembly which he founded remained part of the government of New York.
Puritanism had declined by the 1730s, and people were upset about the decline in religious piety. The Great Awakening was a sudden outbreak of religious fervor that swept through the colonies. One of the first events to unify the colonies
religious movements formed during the Great Awakening and broke away from the congregational church in New England. The "Old Lights" were the established congregational church.