Chapter 4 Ancient Egypt

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Cataracts

Rapids

Delta

Triangle-shaped area of land made from soil deposited by a river

Menes

Supposedly rose to power in Upper Egypt in 3100 BC

Pharaoh

Title used by the rulers of Egypt

Dynasty

Series of rulers fromt he same family

Old Kingdom

A perido in Egyptian history that lasted for about 500 years from about 2700 to 2200 BC

Khufu

Most famous pharaoh of the Old Kindom

Nobles

People from rich and powerful families

Acquire

To get

Method

W way of doing something

Afterlife

LIfe after death

Mummies

Specially treated bodies wrapped in cloth

Elite

People of wealth and power

Pyramid

Huge stone tombs with four triangle-shaped sides that met in a point on top

Engineering

The application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes

Middle Kingdom

A period of order and stability which lasted to about 1750 BC

New Kingdom

The period during which Egypt reached the height of its power and glory

Queen Hatshepsut

Worked to increase Egyptian trade and was a supporter of the arts and architecture

Ramses the Great

The pharaoh in the 1200's BC who fought the Hittites from Asia Minor

Trade routes

Paths followed by traders

Contracts

Binding legal agreements

Hieroglyphics

Egyptian writing system

Papyrus

Long-lasting paper-like material made from reeds

Rosetta Stone

Huge, stone slab inscribed with hieroglyphics

Sphinxes

Imaginary creatures with the bodies of lions and the heads of other animals or humans

Obelisk

A tall, four-sided pillar that is pointed on top

Kinbg Tutankhamen

King Tut - his tomb was filled with treasures that taught us much about Egyptian burial practices and beliefs

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