Bovine Review

Created by kat71 

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Florida Institute of Animal Arts access

intact males

bull

male calf

bull calf

female calf (until she has a calf)

heifer

castrated male

steer

gestation period

9 months

TPR

100.4-102.8, 60-70, 18-28

naturally dehorned

polled

calf vaccination

8 weeks

time used to rid meat of antibiotics

withdrawal period

toxic plant that causes diarrhea

crotalaria

toxic flowering bush

lantana

digestive system

ruminant

rumen

first and largest chamber in the stomach where micro organisms break down feed (develops last and is the reason for easy absorption of newborns colostrum)

reticulum

second chamber in the stomach prevents indigestible objects from entering the stomach (has "honeycomb" pattern on its inner surface)

omasum

third chamber in the stomach absorbs water (dehydration area, removes 60-70% of the water)

abomasum

(fourth chamber in the stomach and the only one that is a) true stomach

calf management procedures

branding, dehorn (done b4 2 months), castrate (done @2-3 days), deworming, vaccinations (start @8weeks)

beef cattle production systems

cow-calf operations, back grounding systems, feedlots

cow-calf production

adult beef cattle kept to raise calves for sale in other states

back grounding system

growing calves to enter a feedlot at another location

feedlot

type of animal feeding operation (AFO) which is used for finishing (fattening) livestock (prior to slaughter.)

Bovinae genus

Bos

Bovinae species (B. p.)

taurus (European), indicus (India)

culling

removing animals from a herd (that are not as productive or desirable as the others in the herd)

stimulates the let down of milk

Oxytocin

number of teats

32

main ingredient of milk

water

two ectoparasites

cattle grub (fly), Lice (horseflies, deerflies, stable flies, horn flies)

endoparasites

flukes (flatworm), lungworms (roundworm), threadworms (strongyloides papillosus, pin/roundworm) (toxocara vitulorum (roundworm), trichuris (whipworm), nematodirus helvetianus (roundworm), tapeworms, stomach worms

upper teeth

dental pad

fingerlike projections of the stomach

papillae

upper respiratory infection (IBR)

infectious bovine rhinotracheitis

chronic wasting disease

Johne's Disease

transmitted via contaminated meat and bone meal (BSE)

Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (Mad Cow Disease)

disease localizes in the reproductive organs

Brucellosis

vitamin B deficiency

Metabolic Bone Disease

low blood calcium levels

Milk Fever (hypocalcemia)

deficiency of magnesium

Grass Tetany (hypomagnesemia)

most frequently encountered toxicoses

lead, organophosphates and carbamates

vaccines available

bovine; herpesvirus, parainfluenza virus, viral diarrhea virus, viral pneumonia (blackleg, e. coli, leptospirosis, louping III, lungworm, pasteurella, rotavirus, salmonella, tetanus, ...)

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