A large, complex organization composed of appointed officials. The department and agencies that make up the U.S. government
A movement created to oppose a strong federal government and demanded that a Bill of Rights be attached to the Constitution.
A political system in which leaders and representatives acquire political power by means of a competitive struggle for the people's vote
Articles of Confederation
A constitution drafted by the newly independent states in 1777 and ratified in 1781. It created a weak national government that could not levy taxes or regulate commerce. In 1789 it was replaced by our current Constitution in order to create a stronger national government.
A meeting of delegates in 1787 to revise the Articles of Confederation, which produced a totally new constitution still in use today
A political system in which ultimate authority is shared between a central government and state or regional governments.
A series of eighty-five essays written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay (all using the name "Publius") that were published in New York newspapers in 1787-1788 to convince New Yorkers to adopt the newly proposed Constitution.
New Jersey Plan
A constitutional proposal that would have given each state one vote in a new congress
A constitutional proposal that the smaller states feared would give permanent supremacy to the larger states
A 1787 event to prevent foreclosures of farms as a result of high interest rates and taxes. The revolt highlighted the weaknesses of the Confederation and bolstered support for a stronger national government.