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Perfecting the photographic process, Louis Daguerre, in Le Boulevard du Temple, was able to include what in his photographs?

street scenes

Still images from the film Battleship Potemkin demonstrate the montage technique of which filmmaker?

Sergei Eisenstein

Which artist, best known for expanding the traditional limitations of artistic media, created TV Bra for Living Sculpture?

Nam June Paik

Eadward Muybridge's photographs, like Annie G., Cantering, Saddled, are early examples of artists

capturing an object in motion.

The techniques employed by Jerry N. Uelsmann's in photographs like Untitled can best be described as

collage.

The device invented in the sixteenth century as a means of capturing and fixing images from the natural world is called

camera obscura.

The device invented in the sixteenth century as a means of capturing and fixing images from the natural world is called

that the image could not be reproduced.

According to the artist, Nam June Paik's TV Bra for Living Sculpture attempted to

humanize technology.

D. W. Griffith was the first great master of what film process?

editing

The first American film to fully utilize "every known trick of the filmmaker's trade," resulting in a masterful work, was

The Wizard of Oz.

Case of Bottles by the California Funk artist Robert Arneson illustrates the modeling sculptural process in which medium?

clay

Richard Serra's The Matter of Time is

a series of installations.

Which of these processes best describes the one used by Rodin in sculpting The Burghers of Calais?

It was cast in several pieces and then welded together.

The Yoruba Display Piece produced for an oba, or king, is meant to reflect the king's power and

the power of the community's women.

What do Robert Smithson's Spiral Jetty and the Great Serpent Mound have in common?

They are both earthworks.

The Greek Kouros illustrates the idea of shifting or counter positioning weight around the axis of the spine in figurative sculpture. This pose is called

contrapposto.

Nancy Holt's Sun Tunnels are generally referred to as

earthworks.

In Sky Cathedral the artist Louise Nevelson has combined found materials to create a sculpture. What is this process called?

assemblage

Wood and stone carvings are examples of

subtractive sculpture.

When a sculpture is created by building up the form with a material such as clay, the process is called

cast sculpture.

Pliable clay is made to hold its form permanently through the process of

firing it.

The material most often associated with the process of "casting" is

clay.

Greek figurative sculpture was greatly influenced by Egyptian sculpture. What did the Greeks add?

authenticity

Backs in Landscape is by which artist that helped transform the craft medium of fiber into a fine art?

Magdalena Abakanowicz.

This artist created a functional salt cellar of gold and enamel depicting the gods Neptune and Tellus

Benvenuto Cellini.

As a thrown ceramic vessel, Rose Cabat's Onion Feelie is unique because

it is shaped like a garden vegetable or gourd.

The technique of sewing buttons on to linen, used by Marilyn Lanfear in Aunt Billie, is most closely related to which of these traditional techniques?

mosaic

Objects formed out of clay and then hardened by firing are referred to as

ceramics.

Native Americans used a traditional method for producing pots that did not involve the potter's wheel. What was it?

coiling

All fiber arts evolved from

weaving.

Originally, when an artist worked in "the crafts," it meant that they

produced functional objects.

We can trace the earliest distinction between the crafts and fine arts to

Joseph Wedgwood, who in 1759 began manufacturing both cheap earthenware table settings and elegant hand-made luxury items.

The Pont du Gard, in Nîmes, France, is an excellent example of which element of architecture?

arch

Notre Dame Cathedral, in Paris, is an example of which architectural style?

Gothic

The International Style is a type of architecture marked by

austere geometric simplicity.

Johnson and Burgee's University of Houston, College of Architecture is said to be a postmodern building because it:

borrows from many different styles and time periods.

Gothic cathedrals, such Amiens, shared many characteristics with which earlier style of architecture?

Roman

Louis Sullivan utilized which type of construction in the late 19th century in Chicago to build increasingly tall buildings?

steel and reinforced concrete

The Seagram Building, designed by Philip Johnson and Mies van der Rohe, is a perfect example of

the International Style.

In the Gothic period, when Notre Dame de Paris was built, architects preferred to use

pointed arches.

How did Gothic architects compensate for the lateral thrust of the cathedrals?

with flying buttresses

The Romans perfected which architectural innovation by the end of the first century BCE?

the arch

Historically, architectural styles and building techniques have been dependent upon

environment (the lay of the land and climate) and technology (available materials and the ability to manipulate them).

Which nineteenth-century building by Joseph Paxton could be considered an early example of the relationship between new technology and architecture?

the Crystal Palace

American glassmaker Louis Comfort Tiffany inspired which design movement?

Art Nouveau

The Bauhaus

was an influential design school in Germany.

What were the visual characteristics of art and design produced by the Dutch art group known as De Stijl?

They eliminated all colors except primaries and black and white.

The Arts and Crafts Movement was started in England by

William Morris.

Where was Constructivism developed?

Russia

In 1919, in Weimar, Germany, who founded the influential design school Bauhaus?

Walter Gropius

The figures from the Abu Temple represent worshippers from the complex society of

Sumer.

The She-Wolf, later adopted by Romans as a symbol of their civilization, was, until recently, thought to have been made by which culture?

the Greeks

The colossal head found in La Venta, Mexico was created by the which culture?

the Aztecs

The "Toreador" fresco was created by which culture?

the Minoans

Found in Austria, the Venus of Willendorf is most likely a

fertility figure.

The word Neolithic means

New Stone Age.

Construction of the Acropolis in Athens began about 450 BCE under the leadership of

Pericles.

Stonehenge in England is an example of what type of monumental stone architecture?

megalith

Classical Greek sculpture can best be described as

relaxed poses that sought to depict ideal form.

Architecture and art of the Roman Republic was heavily influenced by the building styles of which earlier culture?

the Greeks

Built by Justinian in the first half of the sixth century, what church was probably conceived as a political and religious statement?

Hagia Sophia

The medium for Theodora and her Attendants is

mosaic.

Djingareyber and Córdoba, while very different in style and building materials, are both typical of what kind of architecture?

Islamic

The first Christian churches were patterned after basilicas used by the Romans as

public buildings.

One feature distinguishing Gothic architecture from Romanesque is the extensive use of

barrel vaulting.

By the year 500 CE, most of the western empire had been overrun by barbarian tribes from the north. What emperor attempted to restore the lost empire?

Justinian

The tremendous dome of Hagia Sophia is supported by

four pendentives.

The architecture of the Gothic church was able to reach an extraordinary height through what development?

flying buttresses

Constantine took power in Rome in 312 C.E. and signed the Edict of Milan in 313 C.E. How did this change the trajectory of western culture for the next 1000 years?

it legalized Christianity, which became the dominant cultural force in Europe

Just as Christianity affected culture in the West after antiquity, what affected culture in the East, effectively spreading from India, across all of Asia, to Japan?

Buddhism

Whose David was the first life-size nude sculpture since antiquity?

Donatello's

Leonardo da Vinci's Mona Lisa is thought to have had appeal to the Renaissance imagination in part because the portrait reveals

the personality of the sitter.

In School of Athens, Raphael represents the two significant schools of philosophy, signified by the portrayal of what two figures in the center of the composition?

Plato and Aristotle

The sculptor Gianlorenzo Bernini created Ecstasy of St. Theresa, a centerpiece of a chapel in Rome. It is typical of which style?

Baroque

The style of Burial of Count Orgaz is highly eclectic and individual. The artist is

El Greco.

The Baroque can be characterized as/by:

17th century theatrical compositions rendered in very high contrast.

The Limbourg Brothers' manuscript Les Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry signified the return of what, lost in art since antiquity?

"cast shadows"

In the 1330s, Petrarch conceived of a philosophy that emphasized the value of the individual and the pursuit and study of classical languages, literature, history, and philosophy. Today we call these disciplines the

humanities.

Florence became a cultural center of the Renaissance in a large part due to

the number of painters living there.

Michelangelo is considered a Mannerist and High Renaissance artist. What is it about his paintings that characterize the Mannerist style?

his turbulent compositions

What did the early-Renaissance sculptor Donatello do that hadn't been done since Classical Antiquity?

he sculpted nude figures

Machu Picchu was a "getaway" for which culture's rules?

Inca

Which artist rejected modern society and painted images of "primitive" island culture such as in The Day of the Gods?

Paul Gauguin.

Rococo painting can best be characterized as

the Baroque eroticized.

Which of these paintings is an example of Neo-classical art?

David's The Death of Marat

Realism as an artistic movement in the mid-19th century refers to what?

the accurate representation of everyday life

The Arapaho Ghost Dance dress would have been worn

during a Plains Indian ritual

Angelica Kauffmann painted in which style that was based on Greek and Roman models?

Romantic

Théodore Géricault's The Raft of the Medusa helped to fuel which style?

Romanticism

What individual chose the Neoclassical architectural style for his home?

Thomas Jefferson

What is the story behind Gericault's Raft of the Medusa?

The Medusa sunk off the coast of Africa due to the captain's incompetence and its poor survivors were adrift for days.

What is the subject matter of most Impressionist paintings?

Light itself, the way it plays across forms like architecture and landscape

Which artist, who painted Houses at L'Estaque, worked with Picasso to promote the style called Cubism?

Georges Braque.

The paintings of Giacomo Balla capture the fascination with movement characteristic of artists of which movement?

Futurism

Pablo Picasso's Guernica represents an event in the

Spanish Civil War.

Using her work to struggle with the question of identity, this photographer's images are self-portraits

Cindy Sherman

Cubism can best be described as:

art that is largely based on form.

Which of these is an example of Dada art?

Marcel Duchamp's The Fountain

The Persistence of Memory by Salvador Dali illustrates how he looked to his subconscious (dreams, hypnosis, psychoanalysis) for his subject matter. What artistic movement is he associated with?

Surrealism

Henri Matisse was a leader of early 20th century artists who felt free to use color "arbitrarily" and were labeled, derogatorily, "Fauves", which translates as

"Wild Beasts"

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