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anatomical limit for right common carotid artery

begins at the right sternoclavicular articulation...ends at the superior border of the thyroid cartilage

anatomical limit for left common carotid artery

begins at the level of the 2nd costal cartilage...ends at the superior border of the thyroid cartilage

anatomical guide for common carotid arteries

lies posterior to the medial border of the SCM

Linear guide for the common carotid arteries

draw/visualize a line on the skin from the left sternoclavicular articulation to the anterior surface of the base of the left earlobe

relationship of the common carotids to the internal jugular vein

lies medial and deep

anatomical limit of the axillary artery

begins at a point at the lateral border of the first rib and extends inferior border of the tendon of the teres major muscle

anatomical guide of the axillary artery

located behind the medial border of the coracobrachialis muscle

linear guide of the axillary artery

draw/visualize a line in the center of the axillary space along the lateral border of the base of the axillary space

relationship of the axillary artery to the axillary vein

located lateral and deep

when arm is abducted axillary artery will be found

slightly anterior and deep to the axillary vein and the brachial plexus

anatomical limit for the brachial artery

extends from the inferior border of the teres major muscle... ends 1 inch below the antecubital fossa

anatomical guide for the brachial artery

lies in the bicipital groove at the posterior margin of the medial border of the biceps brachii muscle

relationship of the brachial artery to the basilic vein

lies medial and superficial

linear guide of the brachial artery

draw/visualize point over the center of the lateral border of the base of the axillary space to 1 inch below and in front of the elbow joint

anatomical limit of the radial artery

extends about 1 inch below the antecubital fossa to a point to the 2nd digit

anatomical guide of the radial artery

lies lateral to the tendon of the flexor carpiradialis muscle and just medial to the tendon of the brachioradialis muscle

linear guide for the radial artery

imaginary line on the surface of the skin of the forearm from the center of the antecubital fossa

ulnar artery

bifurcation of the brachial artery

anatomical limit of the ulnar artery

extends about 1 inch below the antecubital fossa to the 4th and 5th digit

anatomical guide for the ulnar artery

lies lateral to the tendon of the flexor carpi ulnaris muscle and medial to the flexor digitorum superficialis

linear guide for the ulnar artery

visualize a line on the skin from the center of the antecubital fossa on the forearm to a point between the 4th and 5th finger

external iliac artery

bifurcation of the common iliac artery

anatomical limit for the external iliac artery

lies from the bifurcation of the celiac artery and extends to a point beneath the inguinal ligament

anatomical guide for the external iliac artery

lies anteriorly and medially in relation to the peritoneum

relationship of external iliac artery to the external iliac vein

lies exactly at the inguinal ligament and lateral

To embalm an autopsied body, which artery is used?

external iliac artery

anatomical limit for the femoral artery

begins at a point behind the center of the inguinal ligament...ends at the opening of the adductors longus muscle

anatomical guide for the femoral artery

lie laterally by the medial border of the sartorius muscle and medially by the adductor longus muscle

linear guide for the femoral artery

visualize a line on the thigh from the center of the inguinal ligament to the center of the medial prominence of the knee(medial condyle of the femur)

the femoral triangle superior boundary

formed by the inguinal ligament

the femoral triangle lateral boundary

formed by the sartorius muscle

the femoral triangle medial boundary

formed by the adductor longus muscle

femoral artery in relation to the femoral vein

lies lateral and superficial

femoral vein in relation to the femoral artery

lies medially and deep

medial border of femoral triangle

tendons of the semimembranosus and semitendinosus muscles

anatomical limit of the popliteal artery

extends from the femoral artery at a point beginning at the opening of the adductor magnus muscle to the lower border of the popliteus muscle

anatomical guide for the popliteal artery

located between the popliteal surface of the femur and the oblique popliteal ligament

linear guide for the popliteal artery

visualize a line on the surface of the skin from the center of the superior border of the popliteal space parallel to the long axis of the lower extremity to the center of the inferior border of the popliteal space

relationship of the popliteal artery to the popliteal vein

lies posterior and medial

anatomical limit of the right subclavian artery

begins right sternoclavicular articulation...ends at lateral border of first rib

anatomical limit of the left subclavian artery

begins 2nd left costal cartilage...ends lateral border of 1st rib

anatomical limit of the anterior tibial artery

begins at inferior border of the popliteus muscle...ends point in front of middle at the ankle joint

anatomical limit of the posterior tibial artery

begins inferior border of the popliteous muscle...ends at the heel, point between medial malleolus

anatomical limit of the brachiocephalic artery

begins at 2nd right costal cartilage..ends at the upper border of the 2nd right sternoclavicular articulation

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