believed that "The mind is seperate from body." He believed that knowledge is innate(born within us)
derived principles from careful observations. He believed that knowledge is not pre-existing.
Believed some parts of humans are innate. He believed that the mind is totally eperate from the body. He wrote Animal Spirits.
founder of madern science who felt that the mind finds order in random occuances.
Wrote An Essay Concerning Human Understanding. He stated thatthe mind at birth is a blank slate. This lead to the development of empiricism.
the view that knowledge originates in experience and that science should therefore rely on observation and experimentation.
was the first to experiment in psychology.
Edward Bradford Titchener
Joined Cornell faculty and introduced structuralism. He went about experiments through introspection.
Functionalist who studied how mental and behavioral processes help a being to grow successfully.
was taught by William James. She was the first female president of the American Psychological association.
Margaret Flow Washburn
First female witha psychology Ph.D. She wrote the infuential book Animal Mind. She became the second APA president in 1921.
Psychology definition until 1920
The science of mental life
Psychology definition from 1920 to 1960
the scientific study of observable behavior
emphasized the growth potential of healthy people.
the importance of considering internal thought processes.
the stdy of the interaction of thought processes and brain function.
species variation. Wrote Origin of Species which described natural selection.
Levels of analysis
the differing complementary views from biological to psychological to socio-cultural for analyzing any given phenomenon.
An integrated perspective that incorporates biological, psychological and social-cultural levels of analysis.
Perspectives of Psychology
Include(s): Neuroscience, evolutionary, behavioral genetics, psychodynamic, behavioral, cognititve and social-cultural.
Include(s): Basc research, applied research, counseling, clinical and psychiatirists.
How the body and brain enable emotions, memories and sensory experiences.
Ask: how are the messages transmitted within the body? How is blood chemistry linked with moods and motives?
How the natural selection of traits promotes the perpetuation of one's genes.
Ask: How does evolution influence bhavior tendencies?
How much our genes and our environment influence our individual differences.
Ask: To what extent are psychological traits such as inteligence, personality, sexual orientation and vulnerability to depression attributable to our genes? to our environment?
How we encode, process, storore and retrieve information
Ask: How do we use information in remembering? Reasoning? Solving prblems?
How behavior and thinking vary across situations and cultures
Ask: How are we as Africans, Asians, Australians, or North Americans, alike as members of one human family? As products of different evironmental contexts how de we differ?
Builds psychology's knowledge base. Fields of basic research: biological, developmental, gocnitive, personality, and social.
Tackles practical problems. Examples: industrial/organizational psychologist and human factors psychologist.
Help people cope with challenges and cisis and to improve their personal and social functioning. Biggest areas are academic, locational, and marital.
Asseses and treats mental, emotional and behavior disorders.
Provide psychotherapy. Are medical doctors liscensed to prescribe drugs.