Sociology 1101 Midterm

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Give one example of a research topic which most qualifies as research conducted at the micro level

Doctor-Patient relationship

Name the correct sequence of steps in the research process

select a topic, review the literature, collect the data, share the results

In the research model, the step in which the researcher specifies what he or she wants to learn about a
specific topic of study is called ________.

defining the problem

A statement that describes how variables are expected to be related to one another, often according to
predictions from a theory, is known as a ________.

Hypothesis

Precise ways to measure variables in research so that comparisons can be made and replications can later
be done are referred to as ________.

operational definitions

In a research process, the term "________" refers to the extent to which different studies come up with similar results.

Reliability

The methodical and exacting process by which a researcher measures a variable is known as ________.

operational definition

A researcher is asking questions of a serious nature, and a respondent gives only "socially acceptable"
answers. This is an example of ________.

interviewer bias

In Professor Jones' social problems course, the students interact freely with one another, think of
themselves as "Dr. J's class," and feel they are significant because of their mutual interest in social reform.
Which concept best describes Dr. Jones' class?

group

In the evolution of societies, which society is characterized as being the most egalitarian and nomadic, consisting of 25 to 40 members?

the hunting and gathering society

Approximately when did the first social revolution, namely the domestication of animals and plants, occur?

10,000 years ago

The plow was to the second social revolution as the ________ was to the third social revolution.

invention to the steam engine

Which society was the first to develop permanent settlements?

horticultural society

The "dawn of civilization" is most associated with which social revolution?

agricultural

Sociologically, what term best applies to a group of people who share no common destination taking an
elevator from the first floor of a large high rise?

aggregate

A group characterized by intimate, long-term, face-to-face association and cooperation is referred to as a
________.

primary group

Of the following groups, the ________ plays the most significant role in the development of the self

primary group

Kody is a member of the L.A. Crips. The other gangs in his territory are the Bloods and Satan's Slaves.
Kody feels very antagonistic towards the Bloods and the Slaves. For Kody, these two rival gangs would be
considered ________.

out groups

Milgram's experiment involving the "small world phenomenon" utilized two groups. He referred to these
two groups as the ________ and the ________.

starters;targets

Sociologist Judith Kleinfeld felt Milgram "stacked the deck" in his "small world phenomenon" experiment
because ________.

many of his targets and starters shared a common interest

When criticizing Milgram's experiment on small group phenomenon, Kleinfeld made the analogy that "we
live in a world that looks a lot like ________."

a bowl of clumpy oatmeal

13) Approximately when did the electronic community make its debut into society?

the 1990s

14) With respect to group dynamics, what is the defining characteristic of a small group?

all members of the group can interact directly with one another

15) The concept of "groupthink" was developed by ________.

Irving Janis

Hank lives in a society that believes in the acceptance of rules, efficiency, and practical results. Frank lives
in a society that believes in customs and close personal relationships. Which society is more likely to be
industrialized?

The society that believes in rules, efficiency, and practical results will be industrialized.

In which two societies are people evaluated based on "the bottom line"?

the Industrial and Post Industrial Societies

One of the first theorists to argue that the adoption of capitalism is responsible for the decline of traditional
orientations to social life was ________.

Karl Marx

The early theorist who proposed that religious beliefs are the key to whether or not a society embraces
capitalism was ________.

Max Weber

What was the specific Protestant theology that influenced Max Weber's theories of social change and the
development of The Spirit of Capitalism?

Calvinism

What is the distinguishing feature of Calvinism contributed to the rise of capitalism?

The belief that people were destined before birth for either heaven or hell

Based on Weber's research, which religious denomination was slow in accepting capitalism and dedicated
to the acceptance of tradition?

Roman Catholicism

The Ku Klux Klan, March of Dimes, and Boy Scouts of America all have specific objectives that guide
their operations. Even though their respective activities and membership rosters indicate significant
differences, all three would share the classification of being ________.

Formal organizations

Samantha works for an organization that is hierarchical and has a division of labor, written rules,
communications and records, one in which the administration treats workers impersonally. Based on these
characteristics, we can conclude that Samantha works for a(n) ________.

Bureaucracy

The experience of being cut off from the product of one's labor, which results in a feeling of
powerlessness, is called ________.

Alienation

Nick was a promising caseworker for an agency. After earning several lower-level promotions, he was
appointed to a supervisory position. Supervisory work did not mix well with Nick's abilities and he fell
into a professional rut. This is an example of the ________.

Peter principle

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