Chapter 1

10 terms by sribet 

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cognate

a. a word that looks like and is related to another word in a different language. b. having the same source, origin, or ancestor. c. similar in function and character

inflection

al alteration of pitch or tone of voice.b. the addition of an affix to a word, or a change in the form of a word, to show the plural, tense, or another grammatical relationship

orthography

the study of the letters and spelling system of a language

paradigm

a. the set of inflected forms of a word. b. a model or framework that sets forth a way of viewing things, especially in an intellectual discipline

philology

the study of the history of language

phonology

the sound system of a language; the study of such a sound system

rejoinder

an often witty or critical response to a reply; an answer

rhetoric

a. the study and art of using language effectively and persuasively. b. speech that is elaborate, pretentious or insincere

succinct

clear and precise

syntax

the arrangement of words to form grammatical sentences.

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