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Labyrinth

"Labrys" means "double ax" (recurring motif in the place referring to sacrificial slaughter; intricate plan and scores of rooms of the Knossos palace

Zoomorphic

attribution of animal characteristics or qualities to a god, use o animal forms in symbolism, literature

Stoas

covered colonnades, porch, meeting place

Barbotine decoration

a paste of clay used in decorating coarse pottery in relief

corbel

a projecting wall member used as a support for some element in the superstructure, also, courses of stone or brick in which each course projects beyond the one beneath it, two such walls, meeting at the topmost course, create a corbelled arch or corbelled vault

Tholos

beehive shaped tombs covered by enormous earthen mounds

Dromos

long passageway (into the tholos)

Repousse

formed in relief by bearing a metal plate from the back, leaving the impression on the face. The metal is hammered into a hollow mold of wood or some other pliable material and finished with a graver (an incising tool)

Amphora

a two handled jar used for general storage purposes, usually to hold wine or oil

Krater

bowl for mixing wine and water

Symposium

a convivial (social) meeting for drinking music, and intellectual discussion among the ancient Greeks

Kouros

youth

Kore

a sculpture representing a standing young woman clothed in long robes, also daughter of Zeus

Encaustic

painter mixed the pigment with wax and applied it to the statue while hot

Acropolis

high city

Stylobate

the immediate foundation of a row of classical columns

Pediment

in classical architecture, the triangular space (gable) at the end of a building, formed by the ends of the sloping roof above the colonnade (a series or row of columns) usually spanned by lintels (a beam used to span an opening)

Entablature

the part of a building above the columns and below the roof, classical temple, has three parts: architrave or epistyle (the lintel or lowest division of the entablature)

Frieze

between the architrave and the cornice, any sculptured or painted band in a building and pediment

Naos

cella, a room with no windows that usually housed the cult statue of the deity

Pronaos

the space, or porch, in front of the cella, or naos, of an ancient Greek temple

Peristyle

external colonnade on all four sides

Doric order

massive in appearnce, sturdy columns firmly planted on the stylobate

Golden Mean

divine ratio (1.618) the proportional relation between two divisions o the line or two dimension of a plane/figure such that smaller is the larger as the larger is to the sum of the two, A + B = 1.618

Metope

the panel between the triglyphs (a triple projecting, grooved member of a Doric frieze that alternates with metopes) in a Doric frieze, often sculpted in relief

Cornice

the projecting, crowning member of the entablature framing the pediment; also any crowning projection

Entasis

the convex profile (an apparent swelling) in the shaft of a column

Black-figure technique

painter first put down black silhouettes on the clay surface, then used a sharp pointed instrument to incise linear details within the forms, usually adding highlights over the black figures before firing the vessel

Ceramics

the art of making the decorating pottery

slip

liquefied clay, glue for clay

Red-figure technique

instead of using the glaze to create the silhouettes of figures, the painter outlined the figures and the colored the background black, the artist could vary the glaze thickness there by expanding the chromatic range

Firing

to bake ceramics in a kiln (brick lined oven), high temperatures (~2000 degrees)

Oxidation

the combination of a substance (clay) with oxygen in the firing process

Bilingual vase

experimental vases with the same composition painted on both sides, once in black-figure and once in red-figure

Contrapposto

the disposition o the human figure in which one part is turned in opposition to another, creating a counter positioning of the body about its central axis. Sometimes called "weight shift" creating tension on one side and relation on the other, separates classical from archaic greek statuary

Cire perdue

hollow-cast statues lost wax method, several steps, repeated many times, monumental statues cast in parts

Ionic order

characterized by among by volutes (a spiral, scroll like form), capitals, columns with bases, uninterrupted frieze, base

Sophrosyne

refers to the avoidance of excess in daily life

Hubris

common theme in Greek tragedies and mythology, individuals "tragic flaw" usually thinking they were equal or greater than the gods, subsequently being punished, overbearing pride or presumption

Caryatid

a sculptured female figure serving as an ornamental support in place of a column or pilaster

Orchestra

a semicircular space in front of the stage used by the chorus, dancing place

Theatron

place for seeing, where spectators sat on a slope overlooking the orchestra

Corinthian column

more ornate, Kallimachos invented, all four sides are similar in appearance, it does not need to be modified, ionic frieze is used here thus architects do not have to contend with metopes or triglypths

Pebble mosaics

the floors are formed of small stones of various colors collected from beaches and riverbanks and set into think coat of cement

Tesserae

tine stones of pieces of glass cute to the desired size and shape (instead of pebbles)

Hellenistic art

violent movement, swirling draperies, and vivid depictions of death and suffering are the norm, emotional intensity, baroque (absurd/grotesque), overtly sexual

Gigantomachy

battle between gods and giants

Pathos

a quality, as of an experience or a work of art that arouses feelings of pity, sympathy, tenderness, or sorrow

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