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History test for Mrs. Becky Edge's class Test: Sept. 15, 2010 Book used: http://glencoe.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/0078652731/

Albrecht Durer

Best Known Engraver

Donatello

Created Realistic Sculptures

Da Vinci

Painted the Last Supper

Pieter Bruegel

Showed individuality of people in a large group (in a painting)

Raphael

Painted the school of Athens

Martin Luther

Believed people got into heaven by faith alone

Faith

Martin Luther believed people got into heaven by _____ alone

Tetzel

After Martin Luther king saw him selling indulgences, he began questioning the doctrines of the church.

Frederick the Wise

Gave Martin Luther shelter after the trial of Worms (pronounced V-er-m-s)

95 These

Posted by Martin Luther on the door of the Wittenberg church

October 31, 1517

Protestant Reformation began on this date

Presbyterian Church

Church set up by John Knox

Lutheranism

1st Protestant Faith

Art and Learning

Renaissance was the rebirth of these two things

Milan, Venice, Florence

The major city states

Castiglione

Said "The perfect noble is born, not made."

Greece

The place artists drew inspiration from

Cosimo de Medici

Wealthiest man in Europe and supported all the artists

King Henry VIII

Broke from the Catholic church (creating the Church of England) when they refused to divorce him

Mary

King Henry VIII's first child

Jane Seymour

King Henry VIII's third wife

Jane Seymour

Gave birth to King Henry VIII's only son, Edward VI

Anglican Church

Name for Church of England

Edward VI

Henry's only son

Plague (Black Death) (Bubonic Plague)
(Black Plague)

Killed 60% of Europe's population

Merchants (Middle Class)

Said that "social rank was earned"

Italy

Birthplace of the Renaissance

Thriving cities, Growing Merchant Class, Classical Heritage

Three reasons Italy was the birthplace of Renaissance

Indulgences

Pardon for Sins

Humanism

The thought that human achievement and potential (science) will lessen our need of God

Annul

To declare invalid

Secular

Meaning worldly

Theocracy

Government controlled by religious leaders

Shakespeare

Greatest English Renaissance author

Thomas Moore

Wrote "Utopia"

Hans Holbein

Specialized in portraits (Painted Anne of Cleaves for Henry VIII)

Catherine of Aragon; Divorced; Mary

Henry VIII's first wife; What happened to her; Child she conceived

Anne Boleyn; Beheaded; Elizabeth

Henry VIII's second wife; What happened to her; Child she conceived

Jane Seymour; Died; Edward VI

Henry VIII's third wife; What happened to her; Child she conceived

Anne of Cleaves; Divorced

Henry VIII's fourth wife; What happened to her;

Cathrine Howard; Beheaded

Henry VIII's fifth wife; What happened to her;

Kathrine Parr; Survived (Henry Died)

Henry VIII's sixth wife; What happened to her;

Petrarch

Most influential humanist writer

Peach of Augsburg

Formally began the division of Christianity in Germany

Ignatius of Loyola

Founded Jesuits

Anabaptists (Known as Quakers later)

Group that believed that the church and the state should be seperate

Charles V

Holy Roman Emporer durin?g the Reformation

Anglican or Protestant

During the Reign of Elizabeth, England was this religion

Catholic

England was this during the reign of (Bloody) Mary

Catherine of Aragon

Henry VIII first married her

1337

The 100 Years War began this year

Erasmus

Wrote "Praise of Folly"

Michelangelo

Painted Sistine chapel

Vanearich

1st great Flemish painter

Donatello

Created more realistic sculptures

Dowry

Sum of money paid to the wife's new family

1350

1st year of the Renaissance

Henry VIII

Started Reformation in England

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