Kelley's Covariation Model
model looking at the impact of how behaviour varies over time by using consensus, consistency and distinctiveness
do other people in this situation behave the same way?
does this person react this way every time they are in this situation?
does this person act this way in similar situations or with other people?
Fundamental Attribution Error
the tendency to explain the causes of another's behaviour in terms of dispositional factors
study looking at how clinically depressed people do not use the Self-Serving Bias like other people do
Seneviratne and Saunders (2000)
study looking at how alcoholics attribute their own and other people's relapses with alcohol
study looking at the differences in the attribution made for youth crime by British and Nigerian children
internal attribution based on who the person is
external attribution based on the situation the person is in
study looking at how people are more likely to make an internal attribution when they see themselves on videotape
Lou and Russell (1980)
study looking at how American football players and coaches attribute wins to determination and skill and losses to bad luck or injuries
Davison and Neale (1994)
study looking at how women in general tend to use the Self-Serving Bias less
Abnormal Conditions Model
model stating that Kelley's Covariation Model is too complex and only one of the three conditions is needed to make an attribution
explanation for why people tend to attribute their successes to internal causes and failures to external causes
explanation for why people make different attributions depending on whether they are the person doing the behaviour, or just observing it