Week 3: Geography/Geology

20 terms by nreykdal

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Students will be tested on their spelling and knowledge of definitions of Week 3: Geology vocabulary.

atmosphere

the mass of air surrounding the Earth

core

the central part of the Earth

crust

the outer layer of the Earth

earthquake

shaking and vibration at the surface of the earth resulting from underground movement along a fault plane of from volcanic activity

volcanism

any activity that includes the movement of magma toward or onto Earth's surface

erosion

(geology) the mechanical process of wearing or grinding something down (as by particles washing over it)

fault

(geology) a crack in the earth's crust resulting from the displacement of one side with respect to the other

isthmus

a relatively narrow strip of land (with water on both sides) connecting two larger land areas

landform

feature of Earth's surface (examples: mountains, valley, hill, plain, mesa)

magma

molten rock beneath the earth's surface

mantle

the layer of the earth between the crust and the core

convergence

the occurrence of two or more things coming together

peninsula

a large mass of land projecting into a body of water

plate tectonics

the theory that pieces of Earth's crust are in constant motion, driven by convection currents in the mantle

plateau

a large area of flat land elevated high above sea level

divergence

the act of moving away in different direction from a common point

convection

the transfer of thermal energy by the circulation or movement of a liquid or gas

strait

a narrow passage of water connecting two large bodies of water

tsunami

a giant wave caused by an earthquake on the ocean floor

weathering

The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's surface.

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