HIST Chapters 18 &19

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The community centers started by idealistic young people to guide and help the urban poor were

settlement houses.

The response of American intellectuals such as Walt Whitman and Henry Adams to the new industrial civilization was to

denounce it as leading to the worship of money and material success.

The new nativism of the late nineteenth century was exemplified by the

American Protective Association.

One of the causes which eventually led to restrictions on immigration was the

social Darwinists' fears that immigrants would undermine American "racial purity.

Characters asked themselves, "What would Jesus do?" in Charles M. Sheldon's best-selling Social Gospel novel,

Applied Christianity.

Urban transportation was revolutionized and urban development was redirected in the 1880s by

electric trolleys.

Many Americans believed that ________ were responsible for cholera epidemics.

immigrants

In Thorstein Veblen's Theory of the Leisure Class (1899) he

theorized that middle-class consumption was done mainly for superficial purposes.

Beginning in the 1880s, the source of American immigration shifted to new immigrants from

southern and eastern Europe.

A residential apartment building, common in New York in the late 1800s, that was built on a tiny lot without consideration of proper lighting and ventilation was known as a

tenement.

The new literary style of the 1870s and 1880s which often examined social problems such as slum conditions and portrayed people of every social class was

realism.

The educator John Dewey insisted that

education was the fundamental method of social progress.

The first newspaper editor to reach a truly massive audience without abandoning his basic integrity was

Joseph Pulitzer.

The most influential philosopher of his times and the main exponent of pragmatism was

William James.

In 1870, most American colleges were

small and intellectually stagnant with few professors of any intellectual repute.

Vassar College holds the distinction of

being the first college for women.

A form of education which illustrated the popular desire for new information in the late nineteenth century was the

Chautauqua movement.

In 1869, Harvard introduced the _____ system and took the lead in reforming higher education in the Gilded Age.

elective

In the late nineteenth century, Johns Hopkins, Jonas Clark, and John D. Rockefeller were all

wealthy founders of new universities.

The emphasis of Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. on evolutionary change had a profound impact upon twentieth-century

jurisprudence.

Walter Camp played a major role in establishing

football as a major sport.

Louis H. Sullivan was closely associated with

the development of the skyscraper.

The founder of Chicago's Hull House was

Jane Addams.

In 1891, James Naismith invented the game of

basketball.

Which of the following terms refers to a fear or hatred of immigrants, ethnic minorities, or alien political movements?

Nativism

The late-nineteenth-century theory of the Teutonic origins of democracy

argued that the roots of democracy and the rule of law were found in the ancient tribes of northern Europe.

American painters of the late nineteenth century such as Winslow Homer and Thomas Eakins painted in a style called

realism.

The real name of the first great American realist, Mark Twain, was

Samuel L. Clemens.

According to German educator Johann Friedrich Herbart, good teaching called for

psychological insight and imagination.

The effects of Darwinism in America were apparent in the philosophy of ________ which stated that all truths are constantly evolving and can be judged only by their concrete results.

pragmatism

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