Chapter 7; Bone Tissue

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___ is the tissues and organs of the skeletal system.

Bone Tissue

Bone Tissue is the histology of ____.

Osseous Tissue

____- the study of the bone

Osteology

____- composed of bones, cartilages, and ligaments.

Skeletal System

The ____ forms the strong, flexible framework of the body.

Skeletal System

In the skeletal system, ___ is the forerunner of most bones.

Cartilage

____ covers many joint surfaces of mature bone.

Cartilage

____- hold bones together at the joints.

Ligaments

____- attach muscle to bone.

Tendons

____(____)- connective tissue with the matrix hardened by calcium phosphate and other minerals.

Bone (Osseous Tissue)

____ or ____- the hardening process of the bone.

Mineralization or Calcification

Individual bones consist of ____ tissue, ____, ____, ____ tissue, ____ tissue, and ____ tissue.

Bone, Bone Marrow, Cartilage, Adipose Tissue, Nervous Tissue, and Fibrous Connective Tissue

Bone is made out of what type of tissue?

Connective Tissue

Bone is permeated with ____ and ___, which assists to its sensitivity and metabolic activity.

Nerves and Blood Vessels

Shapes of Bones:
____- longer than wide

Long Bones

Shape of Bones:
____- protect soft organs

Flat Bones

Shape of Bones:
_____- elaborate shapes that don't fit into the other categories.

Irregular Bones

Shape of Bones:
_____- rigid levers acted upon by muscles

Long Bones

Shape of Bones:
____- Equal in length and width

Short Bones

Shape of Bones:
____- curved but wide and thin

Flat Bones

Shape of Bones:
____- glide across one another in multiple directions

Short Bones

Bones of the ____ & ____ are a type of short bone.

Wrist and Ankle

The ____ bone is a short bone.

Capitate

Your ____, ____, ____, and bones of the ____ are all types of flat bones.

Shoulder Blade, Scapula, Sternum, and Bones of the Skull

The ____, ____, and ____ are all types of long bones.

Femur, Ulna, and Radius

Your ____ and ___ is a type of irregular bone.

Sphenoid and Vertebrae

____ (____)- cylinder of compact bone to provide leverage.

Diaphysis (Shaft)

____ (____)- space in the diaphysis of a long bone that contains bone marrow.

Medullary Cavity (Marrow Cavity)

____- enlarged ends of a long bone.

Epiphyses

____ (___) is covered by more durable compact bone.

Spongy (Cancellous) Bone

Spongy bone is found in _____, and the middle of nearly all others.

End of Long Bones

____- a layer of hyaline cartilage that covers the joint surface where one bone meets another.

Articular Cartilage

____- minute holes in the bone surface that allows blood vessels to penetrate. (Physical Hole)

Nutrient Foramina

____ can be found in the middle of the flat bone.

Spongy Bone

____- external sheath that covers bone except where there is articular cartilage.

Periosteum

The periosteum's outer fibrous layer is made of ____.

Collagen

The _____ of the periosteum forms cells.

Inner Osteogenic Layer

The ____ is important to growth of bone and healing fractures.

Inner Osteogenic Layer

____- thin layer of reticular connective tissue lining the marrow cavity.

Endosteum

_____ (_____)- area of hyaline cartilage that separates the marrow spaces of the epiphysis and diaphysis.

Epiphyseal Plate (Growth Plate)

____ (___)- enables growth in length

Epiphyseal Plate (Growth Plate)

____- in adults, a bony scar that marks where growth plate used to be.

Epiphyseal Line

Ligaments hold what together?

Holds bone together at joints

Tendons hold what together?

Attach muscle to bone

Bone (Osseous Tissue)- connective tissue with the matrix hardened by ____ and other minerals.

Calcium Phosphate

Bone is permeated with nerves and blood vessels, which attests to its ____ and ____ activity.

Sensitivity and Metabolic Activity

Medullary Cavity (Marrow Cavity)- space in the diaphysis of a long bone that contains ____.

Bone Marrow

Articular Cartilage is a layer of ____ that covers the joint surface where one bone meets another.

Hyaline Cartilage

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