5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Private-property rights
- a The branch of economics that focuses on how human behavior affects outcomes in highly aggregated markets, such as the markets for labor or consumer products.
- b A person who buys and sells goods or services or arranges trades. A middleman reduces transaction costs.
- c Property rights that are exclusively held by an owner and protected against invasion by others. Private property can be transferred, sold, or mortgaged at the owner's discretion.
- d An input used to produce economic goods. Land, labor, skills, natural resources, and capital are examples. Throughout history, people have struggled to transform available, but limited, resources into things they would like to have-economic goods.
- e Human-made resources (such as tools, equipment and structures) used to produce goods and services. They enhance our ability to produce in the future.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- The act of selecting among alternatives.
- Developing a theory from basic principles and testing it against events in the real world. Good theories are consistent with and help explain real world events. Theories that are inconsistent with the real world are invalid and must be rejected.
- a fact based on observable phenomena that is not influenced by differences in personal opinion.
- The indirect impact of an event or policy that may not be easily and immediately observable. In the area of policy, these effects are often both unintended and overlooked.
- Term used to describe the effects of a change in the current situation. For example, a producer's marginal cost is the cost of producing an additional unit of a product, given the producer's current facility and production rate.
5 True/False Questions
Subjective → a fact based on observable phenomena that is not influenced by differences in personal opinion.
Property rights → The rights to use, control, and obtain the benefits from a good or service.
Microeconomics → The branch of economics that focuses on how human behavior affects the conduct of affairs within narrowly defined units, such as individual households or business firms.
"Ceteris paribus" → "other things constant" is used when the effect of one change is being described, recognizing that if other things changed, they also could affect the result. Economists often describe the effects of one change, knowing that in the real world, other things might change and also exert an effect.
Positive economics → Judgements about what ought to be in economic matters. They are views that cannot be proven false because they are based on value judgments.