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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Private-property rights
  2. Choice
  3. Scientific thinking
  4. Transaction costs
  5. Property rights
  1. a Property rights that are exclusively held by an owner and protected against invasion by others. Private property can be transferred, sold, or mortgaged at the owner's discretion.
  2. b The time, effort, and other resources needed to search out, negotiate and complete an exchange.
  3. c The act of selecting among alternatives.
  4. d The rights to use, control, and obtain the benefits from a good or service.
  5. e Developing a theory from basic principles and testing it against events in the real world. Good theories are consistent with and help explain real world events. Theories that are inconsistent with the real world are invalid and must be rejected.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. erroneous view that what is true for the individual will always be true for the group.
  2. Term used to describe the effects of a change in the current situation. For example, a producer's marginal cost is the cost of producing an additional unit of a product, given the producer's current facility and production rate.
  3. Fundamental concept of economics that indicates that there is less of a good freely available from nature than people would like.
  4. "other things constant" is used when the effect of one change is being described, recognizing that if other things changed, they also could affect the result. Economists often describe the effects of one change, knowing that in the real world, other things might change and also exert an effect.
  5. An opinion based on personal preferences and value judgments.

5 True/False questions

  1. RationingAllocating a limited supply of a good or resource among people who would like to have more of it. When price performs the rationing function, the good or resource is allocated to those willing to give up the most "other things" in order to get it.


  2. CapitalHuman-made resources (such as tools, equipment and structures) used to produce goods and services. They enhance our ability to produce in the future.


  3. MiddlemanA person who buys and sells goods or services or arranges trades. A middleman reduces transaction costs.


  4. ResourceAn input used to produce economic goods. Land, labor, skills, natural resources, and capital are examples. Throughout history, people have struggled to transform available, but limited, resources into things they would like to have-economic goods.


  5. MacroeconomicsThe branch of economics that focuses on how human behavior affects outcomes in highly aggregated markets, such as the markets for labor or consumer products.


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