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Vocabulary and Main ideas for History Overview Test

culture

a way of life of a group of people
(includes religion, customs,and language)

ideals

important beliefs
(examples: freedom of speech, freedom of religion, freedom to live and work where choose,
equal rights, fairness for all people)

E Pluribus Unum

United States motto - Latin for - Out of many, one

ethnic group

group of people who share the same customs and language

immigrants

people who leave one country to go live in another country

line graph

visual tool used to show how information changes over time

circle graph

visual tool used to show how a whole piece of infomation is divided into parts

democracy

people have the power to make decisions about government

republic

people elect representatives to make laws and run the government

constitution

a written plan of government

direct democracy

all the voters in a community get together to make decisions about what the government should do

citizen

member of a country

Abraham Lincoln

President who described the government as "of the people, by the people, and for the people"

John F. Kennedy

President who said "And so, my fellow Americans - ask not what your country can do do for you - ask what you can do for your country"

rights of U.S. citizens

freedom of speech, freedom of religion, right to a fair trial, right to vote

responsibilities of U.S. citizens

getting involved in the government, obeying the laws, respecting the rights of others, going to school, voting

economy

system for producing and distributing goods and services

free enterprise

economy in which people are free to start their own businesses and own their own property

profit

money a business has left after it has paid all of its costs

supply

amount of a good or service that is available

demand

amount of a good or service that people are willing to buy

consumer

person or group that buys or uses goods and services

entrepreneur

person who starts a new business hoping to make a profit

benefits of free enterprise

people can start their own business; consumers can choose between many products; consumers can make choices about how they spend their money

region

large area that has common featuers that set it apart from other areas

geography

is the study of Earth and how people use it

5 regions of the United States

West, Southwest, Northeast, Southeast, Midwest

criteria regions can be based on

population, geography, climate

climate

weather in an area over a long period of time

agriculture

business of growing crops and raising animals

interdependent

depending upon or needing one another

natural resources

things found in nature that people can use
(examples: water, soil, trees, fish, wild animals)

minerals

substances found on Earth that are neither animal nor vegetable (examples: gold, copper, aluminum, salt and granite)

fossil fuel

fuels that are formed from remains of plants and animals that lived thousands of years ago and are used for energy

environment

made up of all the things that surround us, such as land, water, air and trees

renewable resources

resources that can be renewed and replaced (examples: trees)

nonrenewable resources

resources that cannot be replaced easily (example: fossil fuels)

conservation

preserving and protecting resources

national parks

parks that are protected by the federal government for the benefit and enjoyment of the people

pollution

the addition of harmful substances to the air, water or soil

recycling

using something again

why do we recycle?

to help reduce pollution and conserve our natural resouces

uses of natural resources

farmers use land to grow crops; wood from trees are used to build houses and make paper; coal, oil and natural gas are used for energy and to heat homes

The Grand Canyon is in this region

Southwest

This region included the New England and Middle Atlantic states

Northeast

The nation's largest city, New York City, is in this region

Northeast

Some of the country's highest mountains are in this region

West

This region produces more corn than any other region in the country

Midwest

This region is located along the east coast and is home to two of the nation's largest port cities, Baton Rouge and New Orleans, Louisiana

Southeast

This region is the largest in area

West

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