King Philip's War
1675- A series of battles in New Hampshire between the colonists and the Wompanoags,led by Metacom. The war was started when the MA government tried to assert jurisdiction over the local indians. Victory opened up additional lands for expansion for the colonists.
an armed conflict in 1634-1638 between an alliance of Massachusetts Bay and Plymouth colonies with Native American allies (the Narragansett and Mohegan tribes) against the Pequot tribe. The result was the elimination of the Pequot as a viable polity in what is present-day Southern New England.
1680 rebellion of Native Americans in Northwestern province of Spanish America, caused by Spanish attempt to eliminate all Kachina (dolls that represented guardian spirits) worship. The Native American victory allowed the Hopi to continue to practice their own religion along with Chrisitanity and led to reforms in Spanish policies towards Native Americans. Headright system Parcels of land consisting of about 50 acres which were given to colonists who brought indentured servants into America. They were used by the Virginia Company to attract more colonists.
Headrights were parcels of land consisting of about 50 acres which were given to colonists who brought indentured servants into America. They were used by the Virginia Company to attract more colonists.
Helped found and govern Jamestown. His leadership and strict discipline helped the Virginia colony get through the difficult first winter.
He was one of the English settlers at Jamestown (and he married Pocahontas). He discovered how to successfully grow tobacco in Virginia and cure it for export, which made Virginia an economically successful colony.
A colonist that got a charter from King George II and wanted that colony a new place where deptors will have a new fresh start. The colony's name is Georgia. He outlawed slavery, no plantations but small farms, and limited the size of granted land. Slaves, alcohol, and caltholicism were forbidden in his colony. His military like structure caused the colony to breakdown.
A Quaker that founded Pennsylvania in 1681 to establish a place where his people and others could live in peace and be free from persecution.
The governor of the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam, hated by the colonists. They surrendered the colony to the English on Sept. 8, 1664.
Founded the colony of Maryland and offered religious freedom to all Christian colonists. He did so because he knew that members of his own religion (Catholicism) would be a minority in the colony.
French Protestants. The Edict of Nantes (1598) freed them from persecution in France, but when that was revoked in the late 1700s, hundreds of thousands of Huguenots fled to other countries, including America.
A Pilgrim, the second governor of the Plymouth colony, 1621-1657. He developed private land ownership and helped colonists get out of debt. He helped the colony survive droughts, crop failures, and Indian attacks.
1629 - The Puritan stockholders of the Massachusetts Bay Company agreed to emigrate to New England on the condition that they would have control of the government of the colony.
Church of England
The national church of England, founded by King Henry VIII. It included both Roman Catholic and Protestant ideas.
1629 - He became the first governor of the Massachusetts Bay colony, and served in that capacity from 1630 through 1649. A Puritan with strong religious beliefs. He opposed total democracy, believing the colony was best governed by a small group of skillful leaders. He helped organize the New England Confederation in 1643 and served as its first president.
Those like the Pilgrims who believed that the Church of England could not be reformed, and so started their own congregations.
This is another name for the Puritans who arrived in New England in 1629 due to oppression and persecution by the English crown. While in England, these Puritans believed they must remain within the Church of England to reform it.
a devoted Puritan, started to hold prayer meetings where they discussed sermons and compared ministers. this created a problem for Puritan leaders; in 1637, the General Court called her to trial to answer to charges of heresy, and was banished
He was banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony for challenging Puritan ideas. He later established Rhode Island and helped it to foster religious toleration.
1662-Troubled ministers allowed a modified convenient to admit baptism but not full communion (unconverted children of existing members); Kept peopling going to Puritan Churches
1636 FOunded by a grant form the Massachusetts feneral court. Followed Purtian Beliefs
Religious revival in the American colonies of the eighteenth century during which a number of new Protestant churches were established.
Credited with starting the Great Awakening, also a leader of the "New Lights."
A strong Presbyterian minister and leader during the Great Awakening. Founded a college for the training of Presbyterian ministers in 1726.
William Tennant's son. Developed a theology of revivalism.
features, rationale, impact on Great Britain, impact on the colonies.
Primogeniture and Entail
laws that allowed a landholder either to pass his entire estate to his eldest son or to declare that his property could never be divided, sold, or given away
A Puritan and the first colonial poet to be published. The main subjects of her poetry were family, home, and religion.
People who could not afford passage to the colonies could become indentured servants. Another person would pay their passage, and in exchange, the indentured servant would serve that person for a set length of time (usually seven years) and then would be free.
The backbone of New England's economy during the colonial period. Ships from New England sailed first to Africa, exchanging New England rum for slaves. The slaves were shipped from Africa to the Caribbean (this was known as the Middle Passage, when many slaves died on the ships). In the Caribbean, the slaves were traded for sugar and molasses. Then the ships returned to New England, where the molasses were used to make rum.
1620 - The first agreement for self-government in America. It was signed by the 41 men on the Mayflower and set up a government for the Plymouth colony.
Clergyman, one of the founders of Hartford. Called "the father of American democracy" because he said that people have a right to choose their magistrates.
Fundamental Orders of Conneticut
Set up a unified government for the towns of the CE area ( Windsor, Hartford, and Wethersfield.First constitutuion written in America.
House of Burgesses
1619 - The Virginia House of Burgesses formed, the first legislative body in colonial America. Later other colonies would adopt houses of burgesses.
1676- Nathaniel Bacon and other western VA settlers were angry at VA governor Berkley for trying to appease the Doeg Indians after the Doegs attacked the western settlements. The frontiersmen formed an army, with Bacon as its leader, which defeated the Indians and then marched on Jamestown and burned the city. The rebellion ended suddenly when Bacon died of an illness.
Dominion of New England
1686-The British government combined the colonies of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, and Connecticut into a single province headed by a royal governor (Andros). Ended in 1692, when the colonists revolted and drove out Governor Andros
Maryland Act of Toleration
1649 - Ordered by Lord Baltimore after a Protestant was made governor of Maryland at the demand of the colony's large Protestant population. The act guaranteed religious freedom to all Christians.
John Peter Zenger
Journalist who questioned the policies of the governor of New York in the 1700's. He was jailed; he sued, and this court case was the basis for our freedom of speech and press. He was found not guilty.
A reference to the political events of 1688-1689, when James II abdicated his throne and was replaced by his daughter Mary and her husband, Prince William of Orange.
Paxton Boys Uprising
1763-64 PA frontiersman- many of them from the town of Paxton-angered by the eastern-dominate clonial assembly's unwillingness to help in defense against Indian attacks, murdered some peaceful indians and marched on to philly. Persuaded by benjamin franklin.
1769-71. Another east-west conflict, this one in North Carolina, triggered by the dominance of the eastern counties. It culminated in the Battle of Alamance, where a thousand government troops beat a "Regulator" (rebel) force twice that size.