Chapter 7: Lab Practical Questions

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After having a severe cold accompanied by nasal congestion, Jamila complained that she had a headache just above her eyes and that the right side of her face ached. What specific bony structures probably became infected by the bacteria or viruses causing the cold?

The frontal sinus located in the frontal bone, and the right maxillary sinus located in the right maxilla

Which bone serves as an enclosure for the pituitary gland?

sphenoid bone

The hyoid bone is anchored by the annular ligament to the styloid process of the temporal bone,

False

The lacrimal bones contain openings that allow the tear ducts to pass.

True

Which bone is considered to be the keystone of the cranium?

sphenoid

What is the major function of the axial skeleton?

provide central support for the body and protect internal organs

All of the bones of the adult skull, except the mandible, are united by sutures and are therefore immovable.

True

All vertebrae possess a body, a spine, and transverse foramina.

False

Which of the following phrases best describes the function of the vertebral curves?

to provide resilience and flexibility

What makes up the axial skeleton?

the skull, vertebral column, and rib cage

Which part of the ethmoid bone forms the superior part of the nasal septum?

perpendicular plate

The spinal cord passes through the ________.

vertebral foramina

The vertebral column is held in place primarily by the anterior and posterior longitudinal ligaments.

True

Which part of the vertebral column receives the most stress by bearing most of the weight of the body?

the lumbar region

Which of the following does NOT form part of the thoracic cage?

clavicle

During late pregnancy, women may exhibit temporary lordosis. This is advantageous because temporary lordosis _________.

makes it easier for a woman to maintain her balance

Along with support, the anterior ligament of the vertebral column also acts to ________.

prevent hyperextension of the spine

The tubercle of a rib articulates with the transverse process of a vertebra.

True

Which of the following is the normal curve often seen in pregnant women as they attempt to preserve their center of gravity toward the end of the pregnancy?

lordosis

The cerebellum of the brain is supported by the ________.

occipital bone

Which vertebra does not have a body?

atlas

The ribs that attach to the sternum are called ________.

true ribs

The pituitary gland is housed in the ________.

sella turcica of the sphenoid bone

Which of the following is NOT a cranial bone?

vomer bone

The largest and strongest bone of the face is the maxilla.

False

Costal cartilages join most ribs to the sternum.

True

The ________ is the only bone in the body that does not directly articulate with any other bone.

hyoid bone

Men and women have the same number of ribs.

True

Which of the following is CORRECTLY matched?

scoliosis: abnormal lateral curvature

There are seven cervical, twelve thoracic, and five lumbar vertebrae.

True

Which of the following is true about paranasal sinuses?

Paranasal sinuses enhance the resonance of the voice and lighten the skull.

What is the joint formed by the condylar process of the mandible and the mandibular fossa of the temporal bone?

temporomandibular joint

The vomer forms part of the nasal septum.

True

Lordosis only occurs in pregnant women.

False

Paranasal sinuses are found in which of these facial bones?

maxillae

Which of the following is an abnormal lateral curvature of the vertebral column often seen in the thoracic region?

scoliosis

Which bone forms the prominence of the cheek?

zygomatic bone

The temporal bone connects to the zygomatic bone via the temporal process of the temporal bone.

False

The term vertebrochondral ribs refers to ribs that attach to each other before they attach to the sternum.

True

Mastoiditis is most likely to result from an infection spreading from the throat.

True

If a herniated disc in the lumbar region is treated by surgically removing the intervertebral disc and doing a bone graft between the adjoining vertebrae, one of the consequences might be _________.

reduced flexibility of the spine in the lower back

During cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), it is important to place the compression hands over the sternal body but not over the xiphoid process so that _________.

there is little risk of physically damaging the heart

The ________ articulate(s) with the hip bones of the pelvis.

sacrum

Which of the following is not a movement that can occur between vertebrae?

supination

The hyoid bone is unique because it ________.

is the only bone of the body that does not articulate with any other bone

The temporal bone connects to the zygomatic bone via the temporal process of the temporal bone.

False

How many lumbar vertebrae are there in a typical adult skeleton?

five

The vomer and ethmoid bones form part of the ________.

nasal septum

The pituitary gland is housed in a saddlelike depression in the temporal bone called the sella turcica.

False

Most facial bones articulate with the ________.

maxillary bones

The movable base of the tongue is the ________.

hyoid bone

The frontal bone articulates with the parietal bone by means of the sagittal suture.

False

The hyoid bone is anchored by the annular ligament to the styloid process of the temporal bone,

False

Which of the following is not a movement that can occur between vertebrae?

supination

Thoracic vertebrae differ from the other vertebrae in that they have ________.

costal facets

The superior nasal concha is a part of which bone?

ethmoid

Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of the parietal bones?

They form the base of the skull.

The dens articulates with the axis.

False

The frontal bone articulates with the parietal bone by means of the sagittal suture.

False

Which bone acts as a moveable base for the tongue?

hyoid bone

The suture that connects the two parietal bones together is the ________.

sagittal

The superior orbital fissure is formed in the sphenoid bone, whereas the inferior orbital fissure is formed between the sphenoid and ________.

maxilla

How are thoracic vertebrae 11 and 12 different from the other vertebrae?

The transverse processes do not have facets that articulate with the tubercles of the ribs.

Which vertebrae articulate with the ribs?

thoracic

Which part of the ethmoid bone forms the superior part of the nasal septum?

perpendicular plate

The ethmoid bone is composed of all of the following except the ________.

inferior nasal concha

What is the major function of the intervertebral discs?

absorb shock

The frontal bone forms the ________.

anterior cranium

Since mastoid infections may spread to the brain, surgical removal of the mastoid process was once considered to be the best way to prevent brain inflammation. Unfortunately, this also had the side-effect of causing ____________.

impaired head and neck movements

The superior orbital fissure is formed in the sphenoid bone, whereas the inferior orbital fissure is formed between the sphenoid and ________.

maxilla

Sam is an accountant who is especially busy during tax season. By the end of each day he complains of shoulder stiffness and tightness, as well as some upper back pain. What might be Sam's problem, and how could he prevent the discomfort?

Incorrect posture when sitting at a desk can result in kyphosis. Sam needs to practice good posture and/or invest in an ergonomic chair to help him maintain the proper thoracic vertebral curve.

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