Tissue Types, Membranes, and Cell Parts

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Squamous

protection (roof); composes skin; lines hollow organs; can be either simple or stratified; broad, flat, and irregular; epithelial

Cuboidal

lines glands, secretes; either simple or stratified; vascular to secrete in blood; cube shaped; epithelial

Columnar

ciliated cells, secretes mucous, lines glands, respritory, urinary, reproductive, absorb; simple or stratified; vascular to absorb in blood; rectangular cubes, epithelial

pseudostratified

lines bladder and uterus; single layer; random positioning of the nucleus; vascular, insensitive; combination of cell types; only epithelium that will stretch.

aerolar

supports for cells, fills in spaces, repairs injury, cleans up debris, immune response, loosest tissue, (packing peanuts), loose connective tissue

adipose

stores energy, fat, "bubble wrap", protection, padding, stored between skin and muscle and around organs; loose connective tissue

reticular

fills in spaces between tissues and in organs, "packing peanuts", loose connective tissue

regular dense connective tissue

cartilage (elastic, hyaline, and fibrocartilage), ligaments, and tendons; tough, strong; insensetive, avascular; composed of elastin and collagin; dense connective tissue type

irregular dense connective tissue

muscle coverings, dermis, skin (deep layer), somewhat vascular, insensetive, composed of elastin and collagin, dense connective tissue type

hyaline cartilage

found at joints; fairly inflexible, dense, avascular, insensetive, soft; dense connective tissue

fibrocartilage

found between vertebrae (discs); strong, dense; dense connective tissue

elastic

nose, ears; flexible, firm, strongest, never stops growing; dense connective tissue

compact bone

makes up middle of long bones and covering of flat bones; heavy, dense, brittle, highly vascular, supportive; bone tissue type

spongy

found at ends of long bones and in the center of flat bones; light, flexible; bone tissue type

blood

carries O2 and Co2, fights disease, triggers clot formation; (red, white, and platelets); type of the only liquid tissue type

lymph

fights disease; contains clotting proteins; white cells only; type of the only liquid tissue type

smooth

involuntary, not striated, strongest contraction, wavelike motion; walls of hollow organs; protein fibers

cardiac

involuntary, striated, cells contract simultaneously; walls of heart; protein fibers

skeletal

voluntary, striated, strong contraction; attached to bones; moves the skeleton, protein fibers

gray matter

brain, spinal cord; connect sensory and motor neurons in brain and spinal cord; conducts nerve impulses

white matter

brain, spinal cord; conduct impulses to the brain from the body and to the body from the brain; conducts nerve impulses

sensory neurons

brings stimuli from the body to the CNS; conducts nerve impulses

motor neurons

carries responses from CNS to the body; conducts nerve impulses

glial cells

support cells; insulates and connects blood supply; conducts nerve impulses

epithelial

small matrix, directly or indirectly on contact with the outside world; protect, secrete, or absorb; simple or stratified

connective

can be either loose, dense, osseous or vascular

muscle

protein fibers tissues

nervous tissue

conducts nerve impulses

loose connective

fills in and supports

dense connective

composed of elastin and collagin; either regular or irregular

bone

osseous connective tissue; either compact or spongy

vascular connective

only liquid tissue

exocrine

type of gland attached to an organ or cavity through a tube or duct; live close to work; many make enzymes

endocrine

secrete their products directly into blood; make hormones; can live far away from workplace

loose

forms protective capsules around organs that don't stretch much

dense regular

found in tendons, which attach skeletal muscle to bones

dense regular

found in elastic ligaments which attach bones to each other

dense irregular

deeper part of skin

adipose

full of large fat cells, stores excess carbs and proteins; richly vascular

cartilage

intercellular material, solid yet pliable, resists compression; structural models for vertebrate embryo bones; maintains shape of nose, outer ear, and other body parts; cushions joints

blood

derived mainly from connective tissue; has transport functions; circulating within plasma are a great many red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets

skeletal

contractile cells of ____ muscle tissue taper at both ends

striated

means "striped"

skeletal

which is not connective? bone, blood, cartilage, or skeletal?

epithelial

gland cells are contained in ___ tissues

connective

blood is considered to be a ____ tissue

smooth

muscle that's not striped and is involuntary is:

proteins

most membrane functions are carried out by:

smooth ER

free of ribosomes and curves through the cytoplasm like connecting pipes and is the main site of lipid synthesis.

nucleus, cell membrane, and cytoplasm

3 main parts to a cell

nucleus

the blueprint for all the protein the cell makes

rough ER

functions as the cell's internal transport system

ribosome

a ____ produces proteins

lysosomes

these digest bacteria and other foreign substances that may enter the cell

nervous

this tissue type functions in impulse conduction

epithelial

lines the stomach and small intestine

epithelial

lines the mouth

muscular

functions in contraction

connective

blood is classified as this type of tissue

epithelial

protection, absorption, and secretion

connective

cartilage is this tissue type

muscular

striated or smooth types

connective

includes adipose

heart

striated involuntary muscle is found in the:

osseous

concentric rings of cells can be found in this tissue type:

connetive

dermis is primarily composed of this tissue type

lipids

most of adipose's volume contains:

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