Juvenile Justice Review 3 (test 3)

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Review 3 test 3

1. What statement with regard to schools is false?
a. The school plays no role in shaping the values of children.
b. The school itself has become an engine of social change and improvement.
c. A single school failure often leads to a pattern of chronic failure.
d. The school has become a primary determinant of economic and social status.

a.the school plays no role in shaping the values of children

2. Which of the following is not one of the problems faced by the U.S. education system?
a. There has been significant improvement in math ability in the past 20-years.
b. Cross-national surveys that compare academic achievement show that students in
the United States trail those in other nations.
c. Reading scores have significantly improved in the past 20-years.
d. Budget cutting has reduced educational resources in many communities.

d.budget cutting has reduced educational resources in many communities

3. Over time the overall dropout rate has:
a. increased
b. decreased
c. stayed the same
d. not been measured by U.S. school officials

b.decreased

4. Which of the following is not an educational factor related to dropping out?
a. Maintaining a grade point average just below a 2.0
b. Failing one course
c. Missing 10% of instructional time in a school year
d. The use of suspensions and transfers by school administration as the solution to
troublemakers.

c. missing 10% of instructional time in a school year...

5. Research by Dorn leads him to believe that:
a. The dropout problem is a function of inequality of educational opportunity rather
than the failure of individual students.
b. The proportion of African Americans who fail to graduate do not take advantage of the services and support provided by the educational system.
c. The relatively high dropout rate among minorities is due to individual lack of
interest and follow-through.
d. Minorities who dropout prefer the economic opportunities of the streets and choose
to leave for greater financial gain at a younger age.

a. the dropout problem is a function of inequality of educational opportunity rather
than the failure of individual students. ...

6. Those who fail to meet expected levels of school achievement are _________ and are among the most likely
to be delinquent.
a. persistent school failures
b. chronic truants
c. chronic underachievers
d. dropouts

c. chronic underachievers

7. What percent of Wolfgang's Philadelphia cohort study graduated from high school?
a. 9%
b. 15%
c. 24%
d. 37%

a. 9%...

8. There are three independent views on the association between school failure and delinquency; which of the following statements does not reflect one of these three views?
a. school failure is unrelated to delinquency
b. school failure is a direct cause of delinquent behavior
c. school failure leads to emotional and psychological problems that are the actual
cause of antisocial behavior
d. school failure and delinquency share a common cause: social and personal
problems

a. school failure is unrelated to delinquency...

9. Cohen contends that delinquency among lower class youths is a result of their poor preparation and
socialization to function in schools. According to Cohen they essentially failed to live up to:
a. the final cut
b. par
c. standards of decency
d. middle-class measuring rods

d. middle class measuring rods...

10. Which of the following is not a correlate of school failure according to the text?
a. Personal problems
b. Academic integration
c. Tracking
d. Social class

b. academic integration...

11. Academic tracking refers to:
a. school monitoring student performance to identify students that need help
b. recording where students end up five years after graduation
c. dividing students into groups according to ability and achievement level
d. identifying patterns of delinquency and victimization inside schools

c. dividing students into groups according to ability and achievement levels...

12. Which of the following statements about tracking and school failure is true?
a. studies indicate that non-college-track students experience progressive
deterioration of achievement
b. studies indicate non-college-track students experience less academic failure
c. studies indicate non-college-track students participate more in extracurricular activities
d. studies indicate non-college-track students have a decreased tendency to drop out

a. studies indicate that non-college-track students experience progressive deterioration of achievement...

13. About what percent of students report bringing a weapon to school regularly?
a. 10
b. 20
c. 30
d. 40

a. 10...

14. Which of the following is not a time when most school shooting incidents occur?
a. Around the start of the day
b. During the lunch period
c. At the end of the day
d. During sporting events

d. during sporting events...

15. Which of the following statements about school shooters is true?
a. about 50 percent of all reported school shooters are minority group members
b. in most cases, there was no action (e.g., no notes or threats) indicating risk of
violence prior to the school shootings
c. most school shooters have a significant, underlying mental disorder
d. school shooters typically develop a plan of attack well in advance

d.school shooters typically develop a plan of attack well in advance...

16. According to the profile developed by the U.S. Secret Service, school shootings:
a. are most often spontaneous, unplanned events
b. most often involve the worst academic performers as the shooters
c. involve shooters that are most often members of a racial minority group
d. involve shooters with a history of being bullied

d. involve shooters with a history of being bullied...

17. Research indicates that the social and educational atmosphere of a school:
a. is one of the most important predictors of levels of violence.
b. is the least important predictors of levels of violence.
c. has no impact on school crime
d. has proven to be a mixed bag of results on levels of crime and violence

a. is one of the most important predictors of levels of violence...

18. Policies that mandate specific consequences or punishments for delinquent acts and do not allow anyone to
avoid these consequences are referred to as:
a. zero tolerance policies
b. restorative policies
c. retributive policies
d. balanced policies

a. zero tolerance policies...

19. A school-based prevention program based on behavioral strategies is most likely to involve:
a. increasing students' awareness about the dangers of drug abuse and delinquency
b. improving students' psychological assets and self-image to give them the resources to resist antisocial behavior
c. training students in techniques to resist peer pressure
d. treating youths who have already manifested problems

c.training students in techniques to resist peer pressure...

20. Schools can drug test student athletes according to the United States Supreme Court decision in:
a. New Jersey v. T.L.O.
b. Goss v. Lopez
c. Vernonia School District v. Acton
d. Ingraham v. Wright

c. vernonia school district v. acton...

21. In what case did the Supreme Court rule that search measures used by school officials to root out contraband
must be "reasonably related to the objectives of the search and not excessively intrusive in light of
the age and sex of the student and the nature of the infraction?" 3
a. Safford Unified School District v. Redding b. Vernonia School District v. Acton
c. Hazelwood School District v. Kuhlmeier
d. Ingraham v. Wright

a.Safford unified school district v. redding ...

22. The 1969 Supreme Court case of Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District is the most
important case concerning:
a. the censorship of articles in student publications
b. a student's right to pray in school
c. a student's right to passive speech
d. a student's right to active speech

c. a students right to passive speech...

23. Which of the following best describes the United States Supreme Court ruling in Santa Fe Independent School District, Petitioner v. Jane Doe?
a. The Court upheld students' right to active speech
b. The Court ruled that schools can drug test student athletes
c. The Court upheld a school system's right to discipline a student who uses obscene or profane language and gestures
d. The Court ruled that prayers led by an "elected" student undermines the protection of minority viewpoints

d. the court ruled that prayers led by an "elected" student undermines the protection of minority viewpoints...

24. What legal doctrine gives the schools the right to assume some of the duties of parents, including discipline?
a. in loco parentis
b. in prayentis mantis
c. educatum primus
d. investiture

a. in loco parentis...

25. Which of the following best describes the United States Supreme Court ruling in Ingraham v. Wright concerning corporal punishment in schools?
a. the eighth amendment prohibits corporal punishment in schools
b. neither the Eighth nor the Fourteenth Amendment was violated by a teacher's use of corporal punishment to discipline students
c. the court ruled that only reasonable discipline is allowed in schools
d. corporal punishment in schools is legal in only 3 states

b.neither the eighth nore the fourteenth amendment was violated by a teachers use of corporal punishment to discipline students...

Jazmyn is a 15-year old black Hispanic female who attends an inner-city high school in an economically
disadvantaged part of town, where the completion rate is below 40%. Her GPA her first year was below 2.0
due to stress from family dysfunction and conflict. Because she has been placed in remedial classes,
Jazmyn has no interest in academics and has been hanging out with older kids who engage in criminal
behaviors. She recently started to act out in classes.

26. Placement of Jazmyn in remedial classes is known as:
a. tracking
b. school failure
c. alienation
d. underachieving

a. tracking...

27. Which statement is false with regard to minority students in school?
a. Over 70 percent of the students involved in school-related arrests or referred to law enforcement were Hispanic or black.
b. Black students are less likely to be suspended or expelled than white students
c. A smaller percentage of minority students are in gifted and talented programs.
d. The relatively high dropout rate among minorities is the legacy of disciplinary
policies instituted more than 40 years ago.

b. black students are less likely to be suspended or expelled than white students...

Mark is white, 16-years old and has been bullied since elementary school. He has a history of feeling
isolated and severe depression. He recently wrote disturbing and threatening prose in English class.

28. According to the text, what is known about bullying?
a. About 25% of schools report bullying on a daily or weekly basis.
b. Bullying is linked to suicide.
c. Chronic victims experience more psychological problems than their peers.
d. All are factual about bullying.

d. all are factual about bullying...

29. What is false regarding victims of school crimes?
a. School crime is random.
b. Some kids are targeted.
c. Impulsivity increased the risk of victimization.
d. Risky behavior increases the likelihood of victimization.

a. school crime is random...

All-American High School has experienced an increase in school violence over the past year. School administration has implemented a number of security strategies, which include searching students randomly and has, ultimately, resulted in the suspensions of some students.

30. What Supreme Court case ruled that any time a student is to be suspended for up to 10 days, he or she is
entitled to a hearing?
a. Safford Unified School District v. Redding
b. Vernonia School District v. Acton
c. Goss v. Lopez
d. New Jersey v. T.L.O.

c. Goss v. Lopez...

31. In what case did the Supreme Court hold that with regard to searches and seizures school officials are not
bound by the same restrictions as law enforcement agents?
a. Safford Unified School District v. Redding
b. Vernonia School District v. Acton
c. Hazelwood School District v. Kuhlmeier
d. New Jersey v. T.L.O

D.New jersey v. T.L.O...

32. The main active ingredient in marijuana is:
a. erythorbic acid
b. tetrahydrocannabinol
c. sodium benzoate
d. phosphoric acid

b. tetrahydrocannabinol ...

33. Crack is manufactured by using _________________________ to remove hydrochlorides to create a
crystaline form of cocaine that can be smoked. a. sodium bicarbonate
b. sodium phosphate
c. thiamine mononitrate
d. calcium phosphate

a. sodium bicarbonate...

34. The most widely used illegal drug amongst teenagers is:
a. stimulants
b. marijuana
c. heroin
d. crack

b. marijuana ...

35. Derived from opium, __________________ is the most commonly used narcotic among adults in the United
States.
a. Tobacco
b. Alcohol
c. Marijuana
d. Heroin

d. heroin...

36. The practice of mixing___________________ is with cocaine is known as speedballing.
a. Cocaine
b. Marijuana
c. Inhalants
d. Heroin

d heroin...

37. ____________ is probably the most dangerous commonly abused drug.
a. Cocaine
b. Marijuana
c. Inhalants
d. Heroin

d. heroin...

38. According to the text, ___________________ may be a factor in nearly half of all murders, suicides, and
accidental deaths.
a. Alcohol
b. Sleep deprivation
c. Cocaine
d. Tobacco

a. alcohol...

39. _________________ are central nervous system depressants, and they produce loss of sensation, stupor, and
unconsciousness.
a. Stimulants
b. Anesthetic drugs
c. Inhalants
d. Cocaine

b.anesthetic drugs...

40. The most widely abused anesthetic drug is phencyclidine, also known as:
a. crack
b. MDMA
c. LSD
d. PCP

d. PCP...

41. Volatile liquids that give off a vapor and produce short-term excitement and euphoria followed by a period
of disorientation, are known as:
a. anesthetics
b. inhalants
c. sedatives
d. tranquilizers

b. inhalents...

42. __________________ are the most commonly used drugs of the barbiturate family, and they depress the
central nervous system into a sleeplike condition.
a. Hallucinogens
b. Inhalants
c. Sedatives
d. Tranquilizers

c. sedatives...

43. Methedrine is the most widely used and most dangerous:
a. amphetamine
b. sedative
c. tranquilizers
d. inhalants

a. amphetamine...

44. Which is not a consequence of long-term steroid use?
a. Mental problems
b. Risk of contracting HIV
c. Sexual dysfunction
d. Euphoria

d. euphoria...

45. According to the text, the most widely used designer drug is ecstasy, which is derived from:
a. speed and methamphetamine
b. heroin and cocaine
c. marijuana and cocaine
d. LSD and PCP

a. speed and methamohetamine...

46. According to the 2011 Monitoring the Future survey, annual use of OxyContin, a prescription painkiller
narcotic, ______________ among 12th graders from 2010.
a. increased moderately
b. decreased marginally
c. remained unchanged
d. Increased significantly

b. decreased marginally...

47. The latest National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) results show that what percent of youths ages
12 to 17 engaged in binge drinking?
a. 8%
b. 15%
c. 21%
d. 33%

a. 8%...

48. According to the text, which of the following may be the most significant influence on long-term substance
abuse? a. parents
b. peer networks
c. sibling relationships
d. accessibility

b. peer networks...

49. For some adolescents, substance abuse is one of many problem behaviors that begin early in life and remain
throughout the life course. This is known as:
a. addiction-prone personality
b. problem behavior syndrome
c. neurosis
d. rational choice

b. problem behavior syndrome...

50. A _____________________ is a substance that leads to the use of more serious drugs.
a. illicit entry
b. precipitating factor
c. gateway drug
d. precursor drug

c. gateway drug...

51. Levitt and Venkatesh's research on the financial activities of a drug-selling street gang indicates that:
a. money appears to be the most significant motivating factor in drug dealing
b. drug-selling gang members never use drugs themselves
c. at least for drug dealers, factors other than income may explain participation in this activity
d. none of the above

c. at least for drug dealers, factors other than income may explain participation in this activity...

52. What statement is false with regard to those who persist in both substance abuse and crime?
a. They come from poor families.
b. They do well in school.
c. They use multiple types of drugs and commit crimes frequently.
d. Their family members include other criminals

b.They do well in school...

53. Which of the following is false with concern to drug use and delinquency?
a. Crime may be an instrument of the drug trade.
b. Drug users may commit crimes to pay for their habits.
c. Drug users may be more willing to take risks, because their inhibitions are lowered
by substance abuse.
d. A relationship between alcohol and drug abuse and delinquency has been not
substantiated by research.

d. a relationship between alcohol and drug abuse and delinquency has not been substantiated by research...

54. The most recent report from the National Institute of Justice's Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring found that:
a. among juvenile detainees, almost 60 percent of the males tested positive for
marijuana
b. among juvenile detainees, almost 60 percent of the females tested positive for
marijuana
c. among juvenile detainees, almost 30 percent of the males tested positive for crack
d. among juvenile detainees, almost 30 percent of the females tested positive for
crack

a. among juvenile detainees, almost 60 % of the males tested positive for marijuana...

55. A great effort has been made to cut off supplies of drugs by destroying overseas crops and arresting members of drug cartels. This approach is known as:
a. border control
b. street level enforcement
c. tertiary prevention
d. source control

d. source control...

56. Which of the South American countries has not agreed to coordinate drug control efforts with the United
States?
a. Brazil
b. Bolivia
c. Peru
d. Colombia

a. brazil...

57. ________________________therapy involves getting users to associate drugs with unpleasant sensations,
such as nausea.
a. Multisystemic treatment
b. Electric shock
c. Milieu therapy
d. Aversion

d, aversion...

58. The _______________________ technique developed by Scott Henggeler directs attention to family, peer,
and psychological problems by focusing on problem solving and communication skills.
a. multisystemic treatment
b. electric shock
c. milieu therapy
d. behavior modification

a, multisystematic treatment...

Drew is 17 years old and presents in your facility with depression, hallucinations, and the beginning stages
of cirrhosis of the liver. His background is a turbulent, large family, divorce, and academic failure. Drew
informs you that his best friend has similar problems.

59. Given his symptoms, what substances might he be on?
a. Cocaine and meth
b. Ecstasy and steroids
c. Alcohol and marijuana
d. Alcohol and heroin

c. alcohol and marijuana...

Drew is 17 years old and presents in your facility with depression, hallucinations, and the beginning stages
of cirrhosis of the liver. His background is a turbulent, large family, divorce, and academic failure. Drew
informs you that his best friend has similar problems.

60. If Drew started using substances at an early age, what more than likely was the gateway drug for Drew?
a. Alcohol
b. Cocaine
c. Marijuana
d. Heroin

a. alcohol...

61. As Drew's counselor, you address family and psychological issues by focusing on problem-solving and
communication skills. What type of treatment are you providing?
a. Psychodynamic
b. Multisystemic
c. Cognitive behavioral
d. Group

b.multisystemic...

Kelly is 32 years old and has a history of substance abuse and committing crimes. He drank at 10 and
started using marijuana at 13 and experimented with a variety of drugs over the years. His family was
violent and criminally inclined. He grew up in a lower-economic neighborhood where crime thrived. Kelly
dropped out of school at 16.

62. According to research by Elliott, which of the following is not an association between substance abuse and
delinquency?
a. Alcohol abuse seems to be a cause of marijuana and other drug abuse
b. Youths who commit felonies started off with minor delinquent acts.
c. Marijuana use is a cause of multiple drug use
d. All are important associations.

d. all are important associations...

Police in a Texas border town have confiscated 250 kilos of cocaine and 50 pounds of heroin smuggled in
from Mexico.

63. If a user were to inject a mixture of both cocaine and heroin, what is it called?
a. Speedballing
b. Crackling
c. Mainlining
d. Rushing

a.speedballing...

64. What type of law enforcement was used to remove the drugs off the street?
a. Source control
b. Dealer targeting
c. Border control
d. Multisystemic effort

b.dealer targeting...

65. In the past 40 years, what is the estimated total cost of the War on Drugs?
a. $900 million
b. $500 billion
c. $750 billion
d. $1 trillion

d. $1 trillion...

66. Programs or policies designed to prevent juvenile delinquency that include police making an arrest as part of
an operation to address gang problems are considered:
a. delinquency prevention
b. randomized trials
c. delinquency control
d. experimental prevention

c. delinquency control...

67. Programs or policies designed to prevent delinquency that involve day care providers, nurses, teachers,
social workers fall under:
a. delinquency prevention
b. randomized trials
c. delinquency control d. experimental prevention

a. delinquency prevention...

68. Which of the following programs is not a delinquency prevention effort?
a. Mentoring
b. Boot camps
c. Preschool
d. Job training

b. boot camps...

69. What statement about either form of delinquency prevention is false?
a. Delinquency prevention refers to intervening in young people's lives before they engage in delinquency.
b. Delinquency control involves any justice program or policy designed to prevent
the occurrence of a future delinquent act.
c. Both forms of delinquency prevention have a common goal of trying to prevent the occurrence of a future delinquent act.
d. Many types of delinquency prevention programs do not involve juvenile justice
personnel ch as the police.

d. many types of delinquency prevention programs do not involve juvenile justice personnel such as the police...

70. One of the first efforts to classify juvenile delinquency prevention is divided into primary, secondary and
tertiary prevention and grew out of this approach
a. Developmental
b. Experimental
c. Public Health
d. Prevention

c. public health...

71. Intervention with adjudicated juvenile offenders where the goal is to reduce repeat offending or recidivism
through such measures as substance abuse treatment and imprisonment is
a. primary prevention
b. secondary prevention
c. tertiary prevention
d. delinquency repression

c. tertiary prevention...

72. Academic achievement, parental support and efficacy, and religiosity decrease the risk of occurrence of a
future delinquent act and are considered:
a. risk factors
b. protective factors
c. control factors
d. delinquency repression

b. protective factors...

73. What statement about the developmental perspective on delinquency prevention is false?
a. It is informed by human development theories and longitudinal studies.
b. It is designed to prevent the development of criminal potential in individuals.
c. Prevention activities are organized around different stages of the life course.
d. It should be provided to children only due to their age.

d. it should be provided to children only due to their age...

74. Which of the following is not a broad objective of the Nurse-Family Partnership?
a. Improve the outcomes of pregnancy
b. Improve women's own personal life-course development
c. Improve the quality of care that parents provide to their children d. All are objectives of the program.

d. all are objectives of the program...

75. The overestimate of the punitiveness of the general public on the part of politicians and others has become
known as the:
a. Mythical punitive public
b. Militaristic public
c. Martial law bureaucrats
d. Get tough politicos

a. mythical punitive public...

76. What statement about public support for delinquency prevention is false?
a. There is public support for "get tough" responses to juvenile delinquency,
especially violent acts.
b. The public overwhelmingly supported increased spending of tax dollars on youth
prevention programs compared to building more prisons.
c. Public support for "get tough" policies is higher when compared to alternatives
such as rehabilitation or treatment for juvenile offenders or early childhood or
youth prevention programs.
d. Support for paying more in taxes for rehabilitation was higher than for longer
sentences.

c. Public support for "get tough" policies is higher when compared to alternatives
such as rehabilitation or treatment for juvenile offenders or early childhood or
youth prevention programs.

77. What research finding about family-based prevention programs is false?
a. Parental education programs that improved parenting skills showed significant
results in educational success, delinquency, and cognitive development of
juveniles.
b. Results indicated that early family/parent training is an effective intervention for
reducing antisocial behavior and delinquency.
c. Multi-component programs produced larger effects that program duration and
intensity.
d. These programs produced improved school readiness and school performance for the children.

...c. Multi-component programs produced larger effects that program duration and
intensity.

78. What is not one of the key features of a highly structured preschool program?
a. Developmentally appropriate learning curricula.
b. Activities for parents to support the school experience at home.
c. A wide array of cognitive-based enriching activities.
d. Allowance for the administration of corporal punishment with parental approval. .

d. Allowance for the administration of corporal punishment with parental approval. .

79. What is not an area for which an evaluation of the Juvenile Mentoring Program (JUMP) found significant
reductions in risk?
a. Aggressive behavior/delinquency
b. Academic achievement
c. Peer relationships
d. Mental health

...b. academic achievement

80. According to work by Gottfredson and colleagues, what is the main difference between school programs
that work and those that do not?
a. Targeting an array of important risk factors
b. Increasing school security measures c. Focusing on the biggest risk factor only
d. Eliminating poorly evaluated teachers

a. Targeting an array of important risk factors

81. Based on work by Gottfredson and associates, what school-based program does not work?
a. Programs aimed at building school capacity to initiate and sustain innovation.
b. Instructional programs that limit focus to a few social competency skills.
c. Programs aimed at clarifying and communicating norms about behaviors.
d. Classroom or instructional management

b. Instructional programs that limit focus to a few social competency skills.

82. The main goal of Job Corps, developed and designed by the Department of Labor, is:
a. to decrease criminal activity among the participants
b. to provide healthcare to participants
c. to improve the employability of participants
d. to assist with educational attainment

c. to improve the employability of participants

83. What is true about Job Corps?
a. The Department of Education developed the program hoping for reductions in
social assistance dependence and delinquency.
b. The three main components of the program are vocational skills training, basic education and health care.
c. Participation in the program led to an increase in criminal activity due to
involvement with deviant and delinquent peers and mentors.
d. Most of the young people enrolled in the program are not at risk for delinquency,
substance abuse, or social assistance dependency.

b. The three main components of the program are vocational skills training, basic education and health care.

84. Of the evaluations of job training programs, what statement is true?
a. Participation in the program resulted in varied increases in criminal activity.
b. For each dollar that was spent on the program, there was a greater cost to
taxpayers.
c. Educational attainment did not flourish under the programs.
d. Due to skills learned, greater earnings were gained by those in the programs.

d. Due to skills learned, greater earnings were gained by those in the programs.

85. The juvenile justice system exercises jurisdiction over two distinct categories of offenders:
a. Abused and neglected
b. Delinquent and status
c. PINS and CHINS
d. Chronic and deprived

b. delinquent and status

86. Under the parens patriae philosophy, juvenile justice procedures are:
a. Informal and non-adversarial
b. Petitioned and sanctioned
c. Formal and bifurcated
d. Formal and adversarial

a. informal and non-adversarial...

87. Like adults, juveniles are protected against unreasonable searches and seizures under the
________________ and Fourteenth Amendments of the Constitution.
a. Fifth
b. Eight
c. Fourth d. Seventh

c. fourth...

88. A(n) __________________ for a juvenile is similar to a criminal trial for an adult.
a. bifurcated process
b. adjudicatory hearing
c. disposition hearing
d. sentencing hearing

b.adjudicatory hearing...

89. Waiving a juvenile who committed a serious crime is not dependent upon:
a. Prior record
b. Likelihood of rehabilitation
c. Availability of treatment services
d. Victim's impact statement

d. victims impact statement...

90. Most juvenile court acts require a dispositional hearing separate from the adjudication; this procedure is
known as a:
a. bifurcated process
b. adjudicatory hearing
c. sanctioned hearing
d. juvenile justice process

a.bifurcated process...

91. Juvenile aftercare is similar to ____________________ for adults.
a. probation
b. parole
c. incarceration
d. Treatment

b.parole...

92. Which of the following is not a benefit of using the comprehensive juvenile justice strategy as discussed in
the text?
a. Greater integration of services across juvenile justice, child welfare, and other
youth-serving agencies
b. Fewer delinquents becoming adult offenders
c. More youths entering the juvenile justice system
d. Decreased costs of juvenile corrections

c.more youths entering the juvenile justice system...

93. Which of the following statements about the juvenile justice system is false?
a. The terminology used in juvenile justice is designed to stigmatize kids.
b. Some states are experimenting with peer-run teen courts
c.The juvenile justice process consists of a series of steps from intake through post-disposition
d. There are conflicting values in juvenile justice that pit crime control against
treatment

a. the terminology used in juvenile justice is designed to stigmatize kids...

94. The National Research Council and Institute of Medicine's Panel on Juvenile Crime expressed alarm over an increasingly punitive juvenile justice system and recommended that the federal government should assist states:

a. to develop community-based alternatives
b. to develop residential intervention programs designed to reduce delinquency
c. in focusing their efforts on the protection of the community
d. by limiting monetary incentives for peer-run alternative courts

a.to develop community based alternatives...

Jessica is 16, single and a mother of a 3-month old baby girl. She has been provided weekly visits by a
nurse who comes to her place of residence. The nurse gives advice to Jessica about care of her child, infant
development, and the importance of proper nutrition.

95. What type of delinquency prevention is home visitation within this scenario?
a. Primary prevention
b. Secondary prevention
c. Tertiary prevention
d. Risk prevention

a. primary prevention...

Johnny is 13, impulsive, failing school, and is poorly supervised by his parents. He was placed into Big
Brothers/Big Sisters. He was matched with a male volunteer who encourages and supports him in various
academic ventures and serves as a role model.

96. What broad category of delinquency prevention is being providing to Johnny through his participation in
Big Brothers/Big Sisters?
a. Developmental perspective
b. Systemic review
c. Public health approach
d. Deinstitutionalization

a. developmental perspective...

97. Johnny's characteristics are ______________________ that increase the potential for future delinquency.
a. risk factors
b. control factors
c. protective factors
d. suppressive factors

a. risk factors...

Tony is 15 and was caught vandalizing school property. He is a first-time, nonviolent offender and was
offered to have his case heard in front of his peers.

98. What type of program has been offered to Tony?
a. Systematic
b. Deinstitutionalization
c. Decarceration
d. Diversion

d. diversion...

99. What is not one of the potential benefits of the alternative program Tony participated in?
a. Accountability
b. Cost savings
c. Community disintegration
d. Timeliness

c. community disintegration...

100. Youth courts are part of a comprehensive juvenile justice strategy in which what component is not
included?
a. Prevention in early childhood b. Intervention for at-risk youths
c. Graduated sanctions for serious offenders
d. Consistent use of detention for status offenders

d. consistent use of detention for status offenders...

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