BMR Chapter 5
|What was the reason for the formation of the United States Navy?|| The United States Navywas formed because the|
Second Continental Congress realized that
the survival of the colonies as independent
from England depended on the formation of
|During the late 18th century, battleships were classified as—|| During the late 18th century, battleships were|
classified as ships-of-the-line.
|During 1775, a craft was completed to fight the British Navy. What type of craft was this, what was it named, and who was its inventor?|| The craft developed in 1775 was a warfare|
submarine, named the Turtle, and invented by
|What is the significance of the 1776 raid on the island of New Providence in the Bahamas?|| This raid was the first amphibious operation|
carried out by the American Navy and
| The first official recognition of the American Stars and Stripes flag by a foreign nation was given by (a) what nation in (b) what location?|
| The first official recognition of the American|
Stars and Stripes flag by a foreign nation was
given by (a) France (b) to the USS Ranger.
|After the Revolutionary War, what was the next significant role of the U.S. Navy?|| After the Revolutionary War, the U.S. Navy|
defended America's small merchant ship fleet
from the Barbary pirates.
| List the two conflicts that the American Navy was involved in between the Revolutionary War and the War of 1812.|
| Between the Revolutionary War and the War of|
1812, the U.S. Navy was involved with the—
a. Quasi War with France and
b. Barbary States War.
|Describe the event during the Barbary StatesWar that Lord Nelson thought of as one of the most bold and daring acts of the age.|| Lord Nelson said that the operation executed|
by LT Stephen Decatur and 84 seamen by
slipping into the harbor of Tripoli and burning the captured frigate Philadelphia was "one of the most bold and daring acts of the age."
| List two events that the U.S. Navy was involved in during the War of 1812|
| Twoactions of the U.S. Navy during the War of|
a. The sea battle between the American frigate USS Constitution and the British frigate Guerriere and
b. The victory of Captain Oliver Hazard Perry
over the British squadron on Lake Erie.
|The Mexican-American War was primarily a land war. However, the Navy provided what service during this war?|| During the Mexican-American War, the Navy|
blockaded the port cities on the Gulf and the
"Mosquito Fleet" provided protective action during the first large-scale amphibious operation in U.S. military history.
| List the naval developments during the last part of the 19th century.|
|During the last part of the 19th century, naval|
a. Introduction of ironclad ships
b. Introduction of riverboats, rams, and gunboats
c. Development of submarines
d. Construction of steeled-hull protected cruisers, signaling the end of the ironclads
e. Development of self-propelled torpedo and
long-range torpedo boats
f. Development of the internal combustion engine for ships
|After the development of the ironclad, what was the Confederate Navy's next achievement?|| After developing the ironclad, the Confederate|
Navy developed the submarine.
| During the Civil War, the U.S. Navy's first|
admiral gave the famous order, "Damn the torpedoes! Full speed ahead." List the admiral's name and battle where he gave the order.
| During the Civil War Battle of Mobile bay,|
Admiral Farragut gave order, "Damn the
torpedoes! Full speed ahead."
|Describe how Alfred T. Mahan influenced naval strategy.||Alfred T. Mahan influenced naval strategy through his books that stressed the idea that without control of the seas, a nation couldn't expect victory. He was one of the first instructors at the Naval War College and shared his knowledge on sea power and the importance of understanding naval needs.|
| What was the major cause of the|
| The Spanish-American war began when the|
Maine was blown up and 250 Sailors were
|Who was instrumental in quickly ending the Spanish-American War?|| Commodore George Dewey was instrumental|
in quickly ending the Spanish-American War.
|Before WW I, the Navy built surface ships and submarines. What other development occurred then that is still a big part of today's naval arsenal?|| The development of airplanes occurred at this|
|What was one reason why the U.S. Navy was deployed?|| The U.S. Navy was deployed to stop German|
U-boats frompracticing unrestricted warfare
and terrorizing the seas.
|Describe the role of Navy destroyers.|| During this war, destroyers were used as the|
main defense against German U-boats. They
also served as an escort for troop ships and
supply convoys for the allies.
|Describe the role of the air forces.|| During this war, the air forces supported|
surface antisubmarine forces.
|What was the role of Navy women?|| During this war,women enlisted in the Navy as|
Yeoman (F), releasing enlisted men for active
service at sea.
|What was the significance of the Battle of Coral Sea?|| The Battle of Coral Sea was fought by aircraft,|
all of which were launched fromcarriers. This
battle saved Australia from being invaded by
| List the other major naval battles in the Pacific during World War II and describe their significance.|
|The major naval battles in the Pacific during|
World War II and their significance is as
a. Battle of Guadalcanal—The Solomon Islands came under allied control and the danger of Australia coming under Japanese attack was lessened
b. Battle of the Philippine Sea—Heavy losses
of ships, aircraft, and pilots paralyzed the
c. Battle of Leyte Gulf—Deciding blowto the
Japanese Navy. Losing control of the Philippines meant that the Japanese homeland was cut off from its main source of supplies from the south.
d. Battle of Midway—The turning point of the war in the Pacific.
e. The Battles of Okinawa and Iwo Jima—Defeat of the Japanese in these battles signaled an approach to the end of the war.
|Describe the role of the U.S.Navy in the Atlantic Ocean during World War II.|| During World War II, the U.S. Navy protected|
convoys bound for Europe from German U-boat attack.
|The shape of the Navy changed during World War II because of new ships introduced during this period. List some of the types of ships that were introduced during this period.|| Some of the types of ships that changed the shape of theNavy changed duringWorldWar II include landing ships, frigates, attack cargo ships,|
transport ships, barracks ships, net tenders,
repair ships, radar pickets minelayers, and
|What is the significance of the date 30 Jul 43?|| On 30 Jul 1943, Congress authorized the|
establishment of the Women's Reserve to fill
acute shortages of personnel during World
|What is the significance of the Women's Armed Services Integration Act?|| The Women's Armed Services Integration Act|
abolished the Women's Reserve and gave
women full partnership in the Navy.
| List some of the Navy's roles during the Korean Conflict.|
|Some of the Navy's roles during the Korean|
a. Providing close air support to knock out
bridges and block enemy routes with the
use of jets from carriers
b. Navy helicopters spotted enemy artillery
c. Navy ships supported the amphibious
landing at Inchon through massive shore
bombardment before ground forces landed
d. The Navy successfully used its battleships
to intervene in ground operations far
| List some of the Navy's missions during the Vietnam Police Action.|
| Some of the Navy's missions during the Vietnam Police Action included— |
a. Surface ship-based gunfire support
b. Carrier-based aircraft operations
c. Coastal interdiction patrols against the enemy
| What are other actions the Navy was involved with during the same timeframe as the Vietnam Police Action?|
| Other actions the Navy was involved with during the same timeframe as the Vietnam Police Action include— |
a. The manned space exploration program
b. Manned undersea exploration, using deep submergence vehicles and underwater laboratories
|What service did the Navy provide during the Iraq - Iran War?||During the Iraq - Iran War, the Navy escorted and protected oil tankers in transit to and from the Persian Gulf against Iranian attacks.|
| List the Navy's contributions during Operation Dessert Storm.|
| The Navy's contributions during Operation Dessert Storm included— |
a. Providing sea control
b. Naval gunfire support for sea to ground forces
c. Surface and subsurface missile attacks on selected targets in Iraq