A system in which the power that the government can exercise is dependent on the powers granted to them by the people through the constitution.
Separation of Powers
A principle of government where the central
government is divided into two or more branches, each having its own responsibilities and authorities.
(1774) also called the Coercive Acts, passed by Parliament to punish the colonists for the Boston Tea Party and to tighten government control of the colonies
Parliament passed this in 1765. Colonists had to purchase and use specially marked or stamped paper for newspapers, customs documents, wills, contracts, and other public legal documents.
First Continental Congress
Delegates from 12 colonies met in Philadelphia in 1774 to decide how to support Boston & respond to the Intolerable Acts. They agreed to impose an embargo on Britain.
Second Continental Congress
Delegates from all thirteen colonies gathered in Philadelphia and assumed the powers of a central government. Appointed a committee to prepare a written declaration of independence.
A governmental agreement prohibiting trade with a specific country.
Wrote the Declaration of Independence approved July 2, 1776.
Checks and Balances
Each branch is given powers in which to check, or restrain the actions of, the other branches of the government.
Federal System (Federalism)
Powers are shared between the Central Government and Local Governments.