Geography and Map Skills

45 terms by haugs32

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Geographic Vocabulary

globe

a sphere on which a map (especially of the earth) is represented

grid

a network of horizontal and vertical lines that provide coordinates for locating points on an image

latitude

an imaginary line around the Earth parallel to the equator

equator

an imaginary line around the Earth forming the great circle that is equidistant(equal distances) from the north and south poles

parallels

lines that run east and west, horizontally and never touch or cross; latitude lines are parallels

degrees

used to measure temperature, latitude, longitude, right ascsension, and declination

minutes

There are 60 of these in 1 degree

longitude

imaginary lines that pass through the Poles

prime meridian

The middle line of longitude, measuring 0 and dividing the globe into E / W hemispheres.

meridians

another name for lines of longitude

hemispheres

Sections of the Earth divided by the Equator and Prime Meridian (Northern, Southern, Eastern, and Western)

continents

One of the principal land masses of the earth, usually regarded as including Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, and South America.

islands

bodies of land surrounded by water

ocean

A large body of salt water that surrounds a continent covers 2/3 of earth

map

a flat diagram of all or part of Earth's serface

map projections

a way of representing the spherical Earth on a flat surface

compass rose

A tool on a map showing cardinal (N,E,S,W) and intermediate (NE,SE,NW,SW) directions.

scale

give distances in miles and kilometers

legend

explains what the symbols on a map represent

plateau

a large, flat, elevated, area of land

desert

an extremely dry area with little water and few plants

oasis

an area in the desert with a water source

glacier

a large area of slow-moving ice

mountain

an area of rugged land that generally rises higher than 2,00 feet

valley

an area of low land between hills or mountains

canyon

a deep, narrow valley with steep walls

dune

a hill of sand shaped by wind

hill

a rounded, elevated area of land smaller than a mountain

plain

a nearly flat area

volcano

an opening in the Earth's crust where lava, ash, and gases erupt

coast

an area of land near the ocean

forest

an area of densely wooded land

lake

an inland body of water

river

a natural flow of water that runs through the land

wetlands

an area of land covered by shallow water

sinkhole

a circular depression formed when the roof of a cave collapses

strait

a narrow body of water connecting two larger bodies of water

island

an area of land surrounded entirely by water

delta

an area where a river deposits soil into the ocean

isthmus

a narrow piece of land connecting two larger land areas

gulf

a large part of the ocean that extends into land

ocean

a large body of water

coral reef

an ocean ridge made up of skeletal remains of tiny sea animals

bay

part of a large body of water that is smaller than a gulf

peninsula

an area of land that sticks out into a lake or ocean

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set