Short Story Literary Terms

44 terms by vernon53 

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plot

design and ordering of events in a narrative or dramatic work

characters

person, animal, etc. depicted in a narrative or dramatic work

characterization (indirect)

implied from what others say about the character

characterization (direct)

information provided by narrator about character(s)

setting

time and/or place of a story

theme

central idea or message in a work of literature

climax

moment when interest and emotional intensity reach their highest point

point of view

who is telling the story

1st person point of view

story is told by one of the characters who uses pronount "I" or "we" and who participates in much of the action

3rd person limited point of view

events are related through the eyes of one character

3rd person objective point of view

events related through the eyes of objective observer who offers no opinions or interpretations of charcters' thoughts

3rd person ominiscient point of view

narrator is all knowing; can see into the minds of all characters

conflict

struggle between opposing forces which is the basis of the plot in the story

internal conflict

struggle within a character

external conflict

character struggles with an outside force; man against man; man against nature; man against animal, etc.

rising action

part of the plot in which complications develop and the conflict intensifies, bulding up to the climax of the story

mood

feeling or atmosphere the writer creates for the reader; how the story makes the reader feel

tone

attitude a writer takes towards his/her subject

denouement

shows the results of the major events and ties up loose ends

exposition

provides background information necesary to understand teh characters and their actions.

falling action

shows the results of the major events and ties up loose ends (same as denouement)

resolution

same as falling action or denouement

voice

a writer's unique use of language that allows the reader to see his/her personality through the writer's words

style

way in which a piece of literature is written

fiction

narrative that springs from the imagination of the writer

nonfiction

prose writing about real people, places, and/or events

short story

a work of fiction that can be read in one sitting

genre

a type of literature

prose

type of language not organized according to a regular metrical principle or pattern

protagonist

the main character of a story

antagonist

the chief opponent of the main character

foil

a character who provides a striking contrast to another character

metaphor

an implied ccomparison between two things that have something in common

simile

a comparison between two things that are unlike but which have somthing in common. A simile uses "like" or "as" in the comparison

personification

giving inanimate objects human characteristics

flashback

returning to an event or something that was said or done prior to the beginning of the story

foreshadowing

hints or clues as to events that are to occur in the story

irony

contrast in what is expected and what actually happens

symbol

a person, place, or object that represents something beyond itself

connotation

emotional response evoked by a word; suggest word meaining

denotation

literal or dictionary meaning of a word

dialogue

written conversation between two or more persons

imagery

use of the senses to create images

allusion

an indirect reference to a historical or literary person, place, thing, or event which it is assumed the reader is familiar

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